In January 2008, the Municipality of Livorno decided to experiment an innovative type of decision making process concerning the renewal and the future use of the 'Cisternino', an ancient building historically used for water supply. The process was proposed by a citizen association, the “Laboratory for the future of Livorno”. The process had the ambitious goal to reflect on the present situation of the historical building and imagine a desirable future on the basis of the past.
This participatory process started in August 2003 in a small town of the Salento area, on the Eastern-most tip of Italy. The final objective of this project was to carry out an Integrated Urban Regeneration Project among neighbor towns in order to revive a vast decaying rural area called the “Paduli” through the active participation of residents, people coming from other parts of Italy, professionals from different areas of expertise, local associations, institutions and Town Administrations.
Berlin-Lichtenberg is a borough in Eastern Berlin, comprising of 251,000 residents and 13 districts. In 2005, under Mayor Christina Emmrich, a new participatory budgeting exercise was launched that continues to this day. It involves regular online and face-to-face exercises in which citizens can make and evaluate suggestions for how to spend the borough’s €31 million discretionary budget. Yearly reports are made on which suggested local projects have been accepted or rejected and reasons for the decision taken by the council.