Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a process implemented in the 1990s where residents of certain regions can influence how their governments' annual budgets are allocated. After the collapse of its authoritarian regime in the mid 1980s, Brazilians implemented reforms to bolster their economic and political futures through participatory methods. These new democratic practices drastically improved the lives and social infrastructure of its participants.
Proposition 31 was a ballot measure created by California Forward and voted on by the people of California during the General Election held on November 6, 2012. Proposition 31 called for changes to the state budget, and for any legislation to be published three days before it was voted on, among other things. Proposition 31 was defeated by a vote of over 60% to under 40%, but was a good step in the right direction regarding budget reform in California.
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As one of the projects of The Pew Center for Civic Journalism, the San Francisco Online Voter Guide was designed to assist San Francisco residents to make more informed voting decisions. This particular project is concerned with uncovering "where a candidate really stands on the issues," not by their speeches, but where their funding comes from and where it ends up - distinct signs of who the candidate's allies are as well as their underlying political standpoint.