The Poitou-Charentes Region is located in the West of France. It has a population of 1.600.000 inhabitants, which makes it one of the most rural regions in France. In 2005, the executive of the Region Poitou-Charentes implemented the first participatory budgeting at a regional level in Europe.
“The South East Local Health Integration Network – from here onwards referred to as SE LHIN – is one of 14 networks established by the Ontario province to plan, manage, and fund the health care system at the local and regional levels in Ontario. The South East region extends from Brighton on the west to Prescott and Cardinal on the east, north to Perth and Smith Falls, and back to Bancroft.” (1) In 2009, the South East Local Health Integration Network (LHIN) received a mandate from the Ontario government to engage the local citizens about their healthcare.
This case study features a citizens' deliberation using the Dialogue Cirlces method to address inequities in the educational system derived from racism and poverty. This deliberation produced action ideas for various community groups, the successfully-enacted Early Childhood Care and Education Act, and efforts to pass amendment to the New Mexico constitution that would increase state funding for early childhood education.