El proceso de Presupuesto Participativo es el proceso de incidencia de ciudadanos en las decisiones públicas municipales, que puede ir desde la definición de proyectos hasta la fiscalización de la gestión de esos proyectos.
The Neighbourhood Recovery programme "I Love My Neighbourhood" (ILMN – programme Quiero Mi Barrio in spanish) was developed and implemented by the administration of former Chilean president Michelle Bachelet (2006-2010). The main purpose of the programme – which was carried out by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development (MHUD) – is to improve the quality of life in 200 districts of the country with problems of urban decay and social vulnerability.
In this paper it will be presented and analyzed the process of citizen participation that took place for the revision and study of the Plan Regulador Comunal of the commune of Estación Central in Santiago, Chili. It's a case with a high level of importance in the country because it combines this emergent practice, citizen participation, with one of the most relevant instruments for urban planning in the city, the Plan Regulador Comunal.
This article presents an interesting case of urban planning with citizen participation developed in Santiago de Chile. The case is primarily about the development and implementation of a standard methodology that allows for a real appropriation of public space by citizens, developing urban spaces that are sustainable over time.
The management of public space is frequently completed without incorporating the major stakeholders. This all translates into the non-appropriation of space on the behalf of neighbors. This simultaneously leads to a minimized use and neglected maintenance of the space.
To reverse this situation a major diffusion of information and communal participation is necessary in making decisions, sharing responsibilities as well as resources, and improving control by users and respective communities for more efficient management.