Antes de comentar el caso de la guardia indígena, es importante mencionar que los indígenas son un grupo social bastante específico, por cuanto son ciudadanos, pero no tienen los intereses ni la concepción de un ciudadano regular. Incluso, para algunas tribus indígenas, el ciudadano regular y las instituciones del estado son vistas con desprecio. Y esta particularidad, ha permitido que los indígenas hayan llevado a cabo el proceso de formación de la guardia indígena de la manera como se muestra a continuación.
In respect to the question of why participatory innovations are gaining support and what stimulates their development, democratic innovations are usually seen as a response to the general dissatisfaction with representative democracies. Since their main target is to supplement democracy and improve its quality, both citizens and governments in the West tend to be interested in participatory innovations.
Contrary to popular perception, the Inner Belt opposition movement was far from unified. While opponents to the highway were united in their objectives, their motivations and strategies were as varied as the group itself. Even residents of the same community differed in their reasons for criticizing the highway.
Principal sources of the Inner Belt controversy included the highway’s potential effects on: