Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a process implemented in the 1990s where residents of certain regions can influence how their governments' annual budgets are allocated. After the collapse of its authoritarian regime in the mid 1980s, Brazilians implemented reforms to bolster their economic and political futures through participatory methods. These new democratic practices drastically improved the lives and social infrastructure of its participants.
‘Leefbaarheidsbudget’ is the name of a participatory process, launched by the municipality of Utrecht in 1987. Literally translated, it would mean ‘budget of livability’, being ‘livability’ defined by the municipality of Utrecht, as ‘the quality of the residential and living environment’. By ‘residential and living environment’ the municipality understands the following:
The participatory process of Saione “Proposing together, deciding together” (“Proponiamo insieme, decidiamo insieme”) took place in the Saione district of the city of Arezzo, in Tuscany. The process began in 2005 and has been repeated every year since. The main goal of the process has been to involve every family residing within the district to propose solutions about “how to spend public money?” in Saione.