The Poitou-Charentes Region is located in the West of France. It has a population of 1.600.000 inhabitants, which makes it one of the most rural regions in France. In 2005, the executive of the Region Poitou-Charentes implemented the first participatory budgeting at a regional level in Europe.
The problem is that citizens feel that there are not enough outdoor recreation resources and opportunities, more specifically for those individuals that have limited access and use of the outdoor recreation resources for reasons including age, income, or knowledge. Below is an explanation of the purpose and a brief excerpt from the New Hampshire Outdoors, Revised.
Oregon Citizens’ Initiative Review Measure 85 is a ballot initiative examined by the Oregon Citizen’s Initiative Review Commission in Oregon State. Citizens’ Initiative Review of Ballot Measure 85 is a proposal titled “Amends Constitution: Allocates Corporate Income/Excise Tax ‘Kicker’ Refund To Additionally Fund K Through 12 Public Education” (Healthy Democracy). A panel of 24 registered voters from Oregon gathered at the Salem Conference Center in Salem, Oregon to deliberate and evaluate Ballot Measure 85.
This case study features a citizens' deliberation using the Dialogue Cirlces method to address inequities in the educational system derived from racism and poverty. This deliberation produced action ideas for various community groups, the successfully-enacted Early Childhood Care and Education Act, and efforts to pass amendment to the New Mexico constitution that would increase state funding for early childhood education.