This case study was written by Sandy Heierbacher, Director of the National Coalition for Dialogue & Deliberation (NCDD), in 2001 as part of a consultancy with the Center for Disease Control's National Immunization Program.
In respect to the question of why participatory innovations are gaining support and what stimulates their development, democratic innovations are usually seen as a response to the general dissatisfaction with representative democracies. Since their main target is to supplement democracy and improve its quality, both citizens and governments in the West tend to be interested in participatory innovations.
Developing a National Strategy for Rural Canada is a project initiated by attendees of the 1st Annual Rural Research Workshop: From Policy to Research and Back Again, held in Ottawa, Ontario on May 5, 2011.
The Workshop aimed to foster networking among rural researchers and to provide a forum for rural research and policy discourse.
G1000 is a project to revitalize and "advise" Belgium's current representative democratic system by complementing it with deliberative democracy. It is a response to the increasing ineffectiveness of the representative democracy system, as evidenced in part by the 2010-11 parliamentary crisis.
Gacaca courts are community trials, which try the perpetrators of the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda. They are a unique and large-scale national experiment in collaborative justice systems, and pose an important precedent for participatory community justice across the world.