In 2012, the City of Canada Bay Council proposed an innovative method of deliberative democracy to obtain the advice of citizens in making decisions for the range and quality of council services for the period 2014-18. With this in mind, the Canada Bay Council partnered with groups such as Straight Talk and newDemocracy to create a panel of 36 randomly citizens. This group worked in parallel to a randomly selected group of council staff.
This participatory process took place in Italy between January and October 2009 in the Saione neighborhood of the City of Arezzo, Tuscany. The purpose of this project was to address citizens’ complaints and concerns by carrying out an integrated urban regeneration and development project. Volunteers, community and local government representatives worked jointly in order to rebuild trust and enhance the neighborhood’s pride and sense of community by creating an environmental master plan and a program of activities for social, cultural, and economic animation.
The San Francisco Urban-Rural Roundtable was a deliberative event conducted by Roots of Change in San Francisco, California. In September of 2008, Mayor Gavin Newsom of the City of San Francisco invited fifty people from both urban and rural communities to participate in three “Roundtable” meetings over a five month period; of the fifty individuals invited forty eight accepted, including California’s Secretary of Food and Agriculture, A.G. Kawamura. The purpose of the Roundtable was to provide recommendations to establish a foodshed for the City of San Francisco.
The Seattle City Neighborhood Council (CNC) was created in October of 1987 to oversee the successful synchronization of the Neighborhood Matching Fund, Neighborhood Budget Prioritization, and Neighborhood Planning programs. The CNC is composed of representatives from each of the thirteen different Seattle district City Councils and is led entirely by citizens who have been elected into their respected positions.
In January of 1995, greater Kobe, Japan experienced a high intensity earthquake called the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake. The damage extended into Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo. Just in Hyogo alone, over 240,000 homes burned or collapsed as a result. In March of 1995, the City of Kobe local government issued plans for “Designation of Land Readjustment and Redevelopment Areas,” which called for six areas of land readjustment and two areas to be redeveloped inside Kobe. The City of Kobe also divided the effected areas into black, gray and white zones, referring to the gover