Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a process implemented in the 1990s where residents of certain regions can influence how their governments' annual budgets are allocated. After the collapse of its authoritarian regime in the mid 1980s, Brazilians implemented reforms to bolster their economic and political futures through participatory methods. These new democratic practices drastically improved the lives and social infrastructure of its participants.
Oregon Citizens’ Initiative Review Measure 85 is a ballot initiative examined by the Oregon Citizen’s Initiative Review Commission in Oregon State. Citizens’ Initiative Review of Ballot Measure 85 is a proposal titled “Amends Constitution: Allocates Corporate Income/Excise Tax ‘Kicker’ Refund To Additionally Fund K Through 12 Public Education” (Healthy Democracy). A panel of 24 registered voters from Oregon gathered at the Salem Conference Center in Salem, Oregon to deliberate and evaluate Ballot Measure 85.
Originating in Puerto Alegre in 1989, Participatory Budgeting (PB) has been implemented throughout the world. Jarabacoa is not a place known for its strength of civil society or citizen engagement. This pilot program of PB using SMS aims to increase civil society and involve citizens for greater government transparency and accountability. PB is part of a broader better governance intitative of the World Bank Initative and United Nations Development Program. PB has been regarded as a "best practice" for open and more effective governance.
Occupy Vancouver, during the occupation of the Vancouver Art Gallery last fall, needed to implement a consensus-based decision making process in order for the encampment to function in a fair and inclusive manner. The General Assembly and it's processes were developed by consensus for this pourpose.