The purpose to have the citizens participate in the planning of new green spaces and ther square of the district. More specifically the goals were: • to create a new form of planning involving citizens in order to reach a shared project. • to elaborate proposals for the different uses of these areas may as well as rules and codes applied to these spaces; • to define different ways to organize these urban spaces and to involve people in making commitments and taking responsibilities in relation to the management of these areas.
Contrary to popular perception, the Inner Belt opposition movement was far from unified. While opponents to the highway were united in their objectives, their motivations and strategies were as varied as the group itself. Even residents of the same community differed in their reasons for criticizing the highway.
Principal sources of the Inner Belt controversy included the highway’s potential effects on:
In January of 1995, greater Kobe, Japan experienced a high intensity earthquake called the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake. The damage extended into Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo. Just in Hyogo alone, over 240,000 homes burned or collapsed as a result. In March of 1995, the City of Kobe local government issued plans for “Designation of Land Readjustment and Redevelopment Areas,” which called for six areas of land readjustment and two areas to be redeveloped inside Kobe. The City of Kobe also divided the effected areas into black, gray and white zones, referring to the gover