The Minneapolis Neighborhood Revitalization Program (NRP) was established jointly by the Minnesota state legislature and the Minneapolis city council in 1990 to revitalize inner city neighborhoods. The NRP represented a procedural innovation, with a focus on empowering local residents to set priorities, design projects and undertake implementation.
New York City has a historically corrupt and non-transparent budgetting process. The New York City Council is also known for its extremely non-transparent funding structure whereby the Speaker of the Majority can determine a City Council Member's discertionary budget within a range of $3-$11 Million Dollars. The New York City Council has also had a slew of corruption scandels linking council members to patronage and clientialism.
En Rosario, en medio de una de las más grandes crisis argentinas, en mayo de 2002, el poder ejecutivo municipal tomó la decisión de convocar por primera vez al Prespuesto Participativo (PP) , en un contexto normativo no del todo favorable porque, en principio, los derechos políticos consagrados en la Constitución Nacional, en la Constitución de la Provincia de Santa Fe y en la Ley Orgánica de Municipalidades de la Provincia de Santa Fe, limitan la participación política directa de los ciudadanos; y además porque en Santa Fe no existe autonomía municipal.
In January of 1995, greater Kobe, Japan experienced a high intensity earthquake called the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake. The damage extended into Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo. Just in Hyogo alone, over 240,000 homes burned or collapsed as a result. In March of 1995, the City of Kobe local government issued plans for “Designation of Land Readjustment and Redevelopment Areas,” which called for six areas of land readjustment and two areas to be redeveloped inside Kobe. The City of Kobe also divided the effected areas into black, gray and white zones, referring to the gover