In the context of the perpetual crisis of urban transportation in Bucharest, there is a growing population of city dwellers fighting for bicycle rights and advocating for a new, bicycle friendly infrastructure in Bucharest. The bicycle fans coagulated since the mid 2000’s into different groups and NGO’s and developed into a new movement and a powerful presence in the urban landscape, adopting several strategies of public participation.
Bike Plan Hawaii 2003 was an effort to improve and enlarge the original Hawaii Bike Plan written in 1997. The Hawaii Department of Transportation wanted to make bicycling a more utilized method of transportation and promote bicycling in the state. The goal was ultimately to get public participation in creating a plan that would involve improving bicycling facilities, better coordination of land-use and planning, increased leverage in receiving funds for facilities, expansion of bikeways and bike trail mileage in the state, and achieving community consensus.
This case study was written by Sandy Heierbacher, Director of the National Coalition for Dialogue & Deliberation (NCDD), in 2001 as part of a consultancy with the Center for Disease Control's National Immunization Program.
An online consultation or e-consultation is the use of electronic computing and communication technologies in consultation processes. Online consultations can be effective tools in encouraging participation and gathering responses to consultation documents and social policy issues as part of a broader range of methodologies. This form of participation has no minimum or maximum amount of individuals who can participate. It also usually allows participants the freedom of selecting what time to engage in participation and how often.