Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a process implemented in the 1990s where residents of certain regions can influence how their governments' annual budgets are allocated. After the collapse of its authoritarian regime in the mid 1980s, Brazilians implemented reforms to bolster their economic and political futures through participatory methods. These new democratic practices drastically improved the lives and social infrastructure of its participants.
In the context of the perpetual crisis of urban transportation in Bucharest, there is a growing population of city dwellers fighting for bicycle rights and advocating for a new, bicycle friendly infrastructure in Bucharest. The bicycle fans coagulated since the mid 2000’s into different groups and NGO’s and developed into a new movement and a powerful presence in the urban landscape, adopting several strategies of public participation.
The San Mateo Deliberative Poll was a countrywide deliberative event held in San Mateo, California, March 2008. The event was sponsored by Threshold 2008, a coalition of civic groups dedicated to housing problem in the country, and funded by a number of philanthropy foundations such as Open Square Foundation with additional support from the country and local partners. The event adopted Deliberative Polling in which scientific sample of randomly selected people participated two days of deliberative meetings.