New York City has a historically corrupt and non-transparent budgetting process. The New York City Council is also known for its extremely non-transparent funding structure whereby the Speaker of the Majority can determine a City Council Member's discertionary budget within a range of $3-$11 Million Dollars. The New York City Council has also had a slew of corruption scandels linking council members to patronage and clientialism.
In 2009 cities all around America were hurting from the economic recession that was happening in the United States of America. In Philadelphia they had to close a deficit of $108 million in the next six months; the shortfall over five years is projected to be more than $1 billion. At this time the city was going to make cuts to city owned resources including, three ice rinks will be closed this winter unless private funding can be found, and 68 pools will be shutdown in the summer, Eleven libraries will close, and three others will lose their Sunday hours.