New York’s Brownfield Cleanup Program was designed as an initiative to encourage the citizens to investigate, clean up and help redevelop brownfields in the area. A brownfield is any real property where redevelopment or reuse may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a contaminant. A brownfield typically is a former industrial or commercial property where operations may have resulted in environmental contamination. A brownfield can pose environmental, legal and financial burdens on a community.
Uniontown, a community of about 3,000, is located in the heart of Alabama’s Black Belt, named for a deposit of dark, fertile soil extending from Mississippi’s border through the heart of Alabama. This region faces declining population, persistent poverty, inadequate health care, substandard schools, and weak business development.
Given that Canada has 22 commercial nuclear reactors, which they rely on to produce 13% of national energy, the issue of nuclear waste is a serious one that must be addressed as soon as possible. The question of how Canada should handle nuclear waste disposal was put to the citizens in 2005.
This case study features public meetings and discussions organized by the New York Department of Environmental Conversation (NYSDEC) from 2006 onwards to ensure that citizen input was included in the process of designing plans to clean up the polluted Onondaga Lake.