The financial and economic crisis, of which we have heard so much discussion since 2007-8, is only one aspect of a whole series of underlying political trends which have been apparent for much longer: a crisis of (in)equality and of increased precarity of the workforce, a human rights crisis, a demographic crisis, an ecological crisis, a crisis in civil liberties, and above all a crisis in democracy.
Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a process implemented in the 1990s where residents of certain regions can influence how their governments' annual budgets are allocated. After the collapse of its authoritarian regime in the mid 1980s, Brazilians implemented reforms to bolster their economic and political futures through participatory methods. These new democratic practices drastically improved the lives and social infrastructure of its participants.
An online consultation or e-consultation is the use of electronic computing and communication technologies in consultation processes. Online consultations can be effective tools in encouraging participation and gathering responses to consultation documents and social policy issues as part of a broader range of methodologies. This form of participation has no minimum or maximum amount of individuals who can participate. It also usually allows participants the freedom of selecting what time to engage in participation and how often.
Given that Canada has 22 commercial nuclear reactors, which they rely on to produce 13% of national energy, the issue of nuclear waste is a serious one that must be addressed as soon as possible. The question of how Canada should handle nuclear waste disposal was put to the citizens in 2005.
In 2008 the provincial government of New Brunswick, Canada published its Provincial Health Plan 2008-2012. This plan identified several problems or challenges respecting the province's health care system, including "an aging population," high rates of chronic diseases linked to unhealthy lifestyles, a shortage of health care personnel, rising health care costs, and citizens' heightened expectations for health services delivery.