Durante el 2002, el Gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires puso en marcha el Presupuesto Participativo (PP), un proceso de democracia participativa, voluntaria y universal que sirve para el debate, elaboración, control y seguimiento del Presupuesto Anual, del Programa General de Gobierno y del Plan de Inversiones.
In respect to the question of why participatory innovations are gaining support and what stimulates their development, democratic innovations are usually seen as a response to the general dissatisfaction with representative democracies. Since their main target is to supplement democracy and improve its quality, both citizens and governments in the West tend to be interested in participatory innovations.
The school is the state school where young people are turned into state persons and thus into nothing other than henchmen of the state. Walking to school, I was walking into the state and, since the state destroys people, into the institution for the destruction of people…(Thomas Bernhard, Old Masters. Quartet Books, London 1989)
Direct Democracy SA is an attempt to reform the South African electoral system by using citizen advocacy to convince currently elected politicans to commit to greater consultation with and accountability to the public, and to promote legislation to create a more democratic and representational electoral system.