Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a process implemented in the 1990s where residents of certain regions can influence how their governments' annual budgets are allocated. After the collapse of its authoritarian regime in the mid 1980s, Brazilians implemented reforms to bolster their economic and political futures through participatory methods. These new democratic practices drastically improved the lives and social infrastructure of its participants.
‘Leefbaarheidsbudget’ is the name of a participatory process, launched by the municipality of Utrecht in 1987. Literally translated, it would mean ‘budget of livability’, being ‘livability’ defined by the municipality of Utrecht, as ‘the quality of the residential and living environment’. By ‘residential and living environment’ the municipality understands the following:
As required by the government of Ontario to involve residents in the decision making process concerning their health care systems after the passing of the Local Health System Integration Act in 2006, the South East Local Health Integration Network (SE LHIN) launched the community engagement phase of their Clinical Services Roadmap project in March of 2011. The project was initiated to gain community feedback and strengthen the health care system in South East Ontario. Residents submitted their opinions concerning seven central focus areas of clinical services in the form on a workbook over an eight week period. The results from the project were incorporated in to the South East LHIN decisions involving services and allocations.
This case study features a citizens' deliberation using the Dialogue Cirlces method to address inequities in the educational system derived from racism and poverty. This deliberation produced action ideas for various community groups, the successfully-enacted Early Childhood Care and Education Act, and efforts to pass amendment to the New Mexico constitution that would increase state funding for early childhood education.