New York City has a historically corrupt and non-transparent budgetting process. The New York City Council is also known for its extremely non-transparent funding structure whereby the Speaker of the Majority can determine a City Council Member's discertionary budget within a range of $3-$11 Million Dollars. The New York City Council has also had a slew of corruption scandels linking council members to patronage and clientialism.
This article presents an interesting case of urban planning with citizen participation developed in Santiago de Chile. The case is primarily about the development and implementation of a standard methodology that allows for a real appropriation of public space by citizens, developing urban spaces that are sustainable over time.
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This case study features a participatory project which aimed to promote civic engagement among youths in the city of Rosario, Argentina. This initiative involved numerous assemblies and public projects to encourage the participation of youth groups in political decision-making.