Faced with low levels of citizen interest in community affairs, the Municipality of Reggio Emilio decided to experiment with participatory budgeting in District 8. Exactly 256 citizens took part in the process, which took place between September 2007 and February 2008. 17 of the 123 proposals made in meetings with citizens were included in the 2008 budget. These were related to the community's quality of life. Participants felt satisfied with the process, and there is hope that future initiatives will be even more successful.
Agenda 21 Locale è un processo partecipativo e multisettoriale volto a realizzare obiettivi di sviluppo sostenibile a livello locale, attraverso la definizione e l'attuazione di un Piano Strategico di lungo termine che affronta le problematiche ambientali, economiche e sociali considerate prioritarie in un determinato contesto territoriale. Nella provincia di Forlì e Cesena, regione Emilia Romagna, il processo è cominciato nel 2003 ed è attualmente in corso.
The Municipality of Scansano presents a number of economic problems: changes regarding agricultural activities and the primary sector in general, less crop diversification, negative trends in local income. This is also due to bad management of the available natural resources, that produces many social and cultural problems, such as the decreasing use of traditional activities and practices and the loss of local identity.
The present work is the outcome of an essay prepared for "Disclosure Policies and Innovations in Governance", a core course held by Professor Elena Fagotto at the Second Level Master in International Public Affairs organized by the School of Government of LUISS Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy, academic year 2010/2011.