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This case study features the Northern Ireland Pensioners Parliament (NIPP), a participatory body organized by the Age Sector Platform charity and launched on February 23 2011 by the First and deputy First Ministers of Northern Ireland. The NIPP aims to empower older people (those aged 60 and above) in policy making and implementation in Northern Ireland.
In January of 1995, greater Kobe, Japan experienced a high intensity earthquake called the Great Hanshin Awaji Earthquake. The damage extended into Kyoto, Osaka, and Hyogo. Just in Hyogo alone, over 240,000 homes burned or collapsed as a result. In March of 1995, the City of Kobe local government issued plans for “Designation of Land Readjustment and Redevelopment Areas,” which called for six areas of land readjustment and two areas to be redeveloped inside Kobe. The City of Kobe also divided the effected areas into black, gray and white zones, referring to the gover