Pittsburgh’s Citizen Participation Plan (CPP) for the 2010-2014 Five Year Consolidated Plan used a combination of civic and community engagement methods to include citizens and civic society in the planning process.
In 2008 the provincial government of New Brunswick, Canada published its Provincial Health Plan 2008-2012. This plan identified several problems or challenges respecting the province's health care system, including "an aging population," high rates of chronic diseases linked to unhealthy lifestyles, a shortage of health care personnel, rising health care costs, and citizens' heightened expectations for health services delivery.
As of 2010, Portsmouth, New Hampshire (population 20,000) has sustained the practice of organized, public dialogue and deliberation for over ten years. Since 1999, diverse community groups in Portsmouth have organized at least six rounds of large-scale dialogue-to-action circles (study circles) initiatives. This case study provides brief descriptions of four of these initiatives from 1999 through 2004. Descriptions of Portsmouth’s later public engagement initiatives will be added to this entry at a later date, or posted as separate entries.