Methods

  • 1st version 05/16 by Eleonora Schettini M. Cunha, UFMG, Brazil. Definition Os conselhos de políticas públicas[1] são estruturas político-institucionais permanentes vinculados à estrutura administrativa do Estado brasileiro, em seus três níveis de governo (União, estados e municípios) e relacionados a uma área de política pública. Eles são híbridos em sua...
  • Since the emergence of the so called Web2.0, internet technologies have greatly expanded the possibilities for people to interact and discuss; but how many times have we found ourselves trapped in endless debates about everyday facts? Social networks have greatly contributed in re-shaping the idea of online interactions, but their...
  • Note: the following article is a stub. Please help us complete it. Definition "Empathic listening (also called active listening or reflective listening) is a way of listening and responding to another person that improves mutual understanding and trust." Source: Richard Salem, "Empathetic Listening". http://www.beyondintractability.org/essay/empathic-listening Problems and Purpose History For a...
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    Definition Online consultations or e-consultations refer to an exchange between government and citizens using the Internet. They are one form of online deliberation . Further, online consultation consists in using the Internet to ask a group of people their opinion on one or more specific topics, allowing for trade-offs between...
  • Neighbourhood councils have been a part of Québec city’s democratic life for 20 years. The first experiences were implemented by the Ville de Québec in 1993, in order to get the citizens more closely involved in municipal politics. The concept was extended to the whole city territory in 1997. Today,...
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