4 - Often Interdependent with Other Issues

Method: Social Media

Note: the following entry is a stub. Please help us complete it. Definition According to the Oxford English Dictionary, social media encompasses "websites and applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking." [1] In the context of public participation initiatives, social media is...

Method: BarCamp

Participatory workshops similar in form to Open Space Technology but which make use of online platforms to increase the scope of information sharing.
The Sustained Dialogue Campus Network is a networking tool developed by the International Institute for Sustained Dialogue to expand the use of dialogue and deliberation on university campuses.

Method: Referendum

Synonymous with plebiscite and ballot question, a referendum is a direct vote by the populace on a single political issue such as a proposed piece of legislation.
Voter information services include any publicly available information regarding the general process of voting and/or the specifics of a particular election such as candidates and polling locations.
In Italian public administration, 'laboratorio' is a general term used to refer to a formal space or planned instance of multi-actor engagement and participation.
The Design for Change methodology is broken into four steps: feel, imagine, do, and share and is based on the belief that the student should have more autonomy over the learning process and that, ultimately, it is up to them to enact social change.
The Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation is an adaptive planning framework utilized by local governments and NGOs around the world to collaboratively and systematically conserve flora and fauna.
Consensus forums are similar to consensus conferences but differ in the number of participants actively involved in the decision making process. The forum setting brings together a diverse range of citizens who work in small groups to develop common points of agreements around an issue.

Method: Hackathon

Hackathons were generally defined as large-scale collaborative computer programming but the term has recently expanded to include events that venture outside the realm of computer programming, but still require collective ideation and participation to generate ideas and solutions.
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