• Definition Civic education refers to various processes of education in self-government. It rests on the assumption that qualities necessary for democratic discourses and common decision making do not emerge by themselves but need to be acquired through education. This does not necessarily refer to teaching and learning in the education...
  • Community- or citizen-based monitoring is a generic term for citizen oversight of public services. Also known as participatory monitoring, CBM is ideally led by the local population and involves both oversight and reporting of service quality, efficiency, and efficacy.
  • The Enquiry-by-Design method is used in urban renewal projects and involves a consensus building approach among a diverse array of participants. Citizens are involved from the very beginning of the project till the final stages and are assisted by a technical team, stakeholders and government officials.
  • Method: Machizukuri

    Machizukuri is a method of inter-community dialogue and community-government engagement.
  • Method: Maptionnaire

    Definition Maptionnaire is a software-as-a-service that integrates survey questions with an interactive map. It enables efficient collecting, analyzing and visualization of map-based data. It is easy to make a Maptionnaire survey - and even easier to respond. With Maptionnaire’s browser tool, analysis and visualizations are easy to perform and share...
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