Dresdner-Debatte on the Neumarkt Redesign

Dresdner-Debatte on the Neumarkt Redesign

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Problem and Purpose

The Dresdner Debatte (Dresden debate) was introduced as a new forum for an open public dialog between citizens, politicians and urban planners, dealing with present or controversial aspects on urban development. The Dresdner Debatte is based on two overlapping options for participation, on line dialogue via an internet platform and direct dialogue in a temporary information container on the development site. In order to secure an open and independent forum, the external actor Zebralog moderates the dialog. They are also documenting and evaluating the participation process in order to extract clear conclusions, apt for implementation in future development.

This case entry features the first Dresdner Debatte which was installed in the city center, in the area around the well-known square Neumarkt where there was an ongoing reconstruction of historical streets, squares and well-documented historical facades. The first Debatte was held in under an air of controversy since the Neumarkt area's redevelopment was highly divisive, being closely related to issues of cultural heritage, identities and lifestyles. The objective of the Dresdner Debatte was to gain more direct suggestions, comments and ideas for future development, but also to establish a more direct contact between citizens, government and administration in the process of developing and altering action concepts. Another important aspect was to bring the participants opinions and suggestions together with knowledge of experts and professionals within a transparent decision process.

History

Dresden’s heritage of severe destruction as a result of the Second World War added to the experience of two undemocratic regimes from 1933 until 1989 is still closely related to the cities physical realities. In this way every debate concerning urban development in Dresden also tends to establish references to this given background. As well, the citizens of Dresden share a strong common tradition of engagement in urban development and public space design. Still the channels for individuals, groups and organizations to communicate their suggestions and arguments was repeatedly criticized as insufficient or outdistanced.

The first Dresdner Debatte was initiated in the city center, in the area around the well-known square Neumarkt. On this site, an ongoing reconstruction of historical streets, squares and well-documented historical facades is taking place. This development is also one of the most discussed ones in Dresden, thereby closely related to issues of cultural heritage, contemporary construction and architectural design as well as identities and lifestyles, which might explain the controversial background of the first Dresdner Debatte. The reconstruction of the Neumarkt area has in recent years already drawn great attention to the “new” historic city centre of Dresden with an increasing number of visitors and tourists as a result. In consequence the cultural and commercial offers in the area sometimes tend to be strongly oriented towards visitors and less towards the local citizens.

Organizing Entities and Funding

The project was conceived by the local administration as having three major phases: conception, participation, evaluation and implementation. The decision was made to have the initiative organized and overseen by Zebralog and Sally Below in order to secure independence and objectivity towards local government and citizens.

During the conception phase a project team was formed within the administration and in collaboration with Zebralog working out content, designs, information and public relation strategies.

Methods and Tools Used

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Deliberation, Decisions and Public Interaction

Participation Phase

Following the conception phase headed by the local administrative project team, Zebralog and Sally Below, the main phase of public participation began. Taking the form of a moderated debate, the event ran from June 8th-July8th

The process began by asking participants a singe question: How might the Neumarkt square become a place for Dresdens citizens?

By gathering and documenting comments and suggestions from citizens related to different aspects like housing, cultural and commercial offer, architecture and urban planning, free time activities and so on, the participants contributions could be documented for the following evaluation. In the on-line dialog participants also had the opportunity to comment on other participants contributions and through the moderation by Zebralog, conflicts could be solved and additional information provided. In the information container, participants had the opportunity to debate directly with representatives of the city administration and other participants and also turn in their suggestions, comments and statement on available feed back cards. The web-platform also included easy understandable information an pdf-downloads on urban planning and architecture. Further more the web site and the feed back cards also included a short survey based on two simple questions:

  • I often go to the Neumarkt square because……
  • I seldom go to the Neumarkt square because……

This survey run additionally over Twitter, thereby further widening the scope of the survey.

Evaluation Phase

Within the evaluation process all documented participant statements are sorted in overlapping theme aspects by Zebralog. In this way single statements and suggestions are independently extracted from the dialogs complexity. This process makes it possible to sum up the dialog in well-defined results, which can be transparently implemented in the weighting of options within up coming decision processes.

Implementation Phase

As of this article's writing, the implementation phase had not yet start. It was projected to begin with an public event in the city hall on the 22nd of September 2010. Here the debate process and it’s results will be presented and the suggested implementation strategies initiated. This public event is expected to enhance transparency and will also generate a broader citizen attention through communication in media based on the scope of the event.

The Dresdner Debatte is planned to continue as a integrated element for participation and dialog on other sites in Dresden, where urban transformation results in a need for new action concepts or where interest conflicts are expected.

Influence, Outcomes and Effects

The impact up to this article's writing refers to the basic political willingness and the decision to make way for Dresdener Debatte as a new option for citizens and non governmental organizations to become a more direct influence on Dresden’s urban development. This ambition is also an important issue for the mayor of Dresden, Helma Oroz as she invited the citizens to take part in the Dresdner Debatte and also personally met up with citizens in the information container on Neumarkt. As a result the realization of the Dresdner Debate already established new channels of communication between administration and public as well as new working processes within the administration itself.

This must be judged as important steps towards an enhanced dialog between government and citizens which might strengthen the publics engagement for a sustainable and vital democracy. The result implementation of the first Dresdner Debatte did not yet start, but results are being currently evaluated and prepared for implementation in decision processes. The goal is to integrate the results in a transparent way, showing how realization of development plans and policy documents are influenced by the results of the Debate.

Analysis and Lessons Learned

Specific Effort Made to Include Disadvantaged Groups

Some effort to address disadvantaged groups

The concept with parallel options to participate - online and in the information container was to secure that citizens not used to use internet should have a possibility to take part. This was also important as internet usage also include good reading and writing. There were also a concept for receiving handicapped participants in the info container.

Specific Effort Made to Strengthen Democratic Capacities

This was one important aspect of the moderation, dealing with questions about weighting different standpoints in order to find compromises or consensus solutions or how to deal with the opinion of a majority versus the opinion of minorities.

 

External Links

Official Website [German]

Project on Zebralog.de [German]

City of Dresden Urban Development & Environment webpage [German]

Panorama View of Neumarkt

Note

The original version of this case study first appeared on Vitalizing Democracy in 2010 and was a contestant for the 2011 Reinhard Mohn Prize. It was originally submitted by Christina Rucker.

Case Data

Location

Geolocation: 
Dresden
Germany
51° 3' 1.4724" N, 13° 44' 14.1432" E
DE

History

Start Date: 
Tuesday, June 8, 2010
End Date: 
Thursday, July 8, 2010
Ongoing: 
Yes
Number of Meeting Days: 
[no data entered]

Participants

Total Number of Participants: 
1 000
Targeted Participants (Demographics): 
Targeted Participants (Public Roles): 
Method of Recruitment: 

Process

Facilitation?: 
Yes
If yes, were they ...: 
Facetoface, Online or Both: 
Face-to-Face
Online
Type of Interaction among Participants: 
Decision Method(s)?: 
If voting...: 
[no data entered]

Organizers

Who paid for the project or initiative?: 
City of Dresden
Who was primarily responsible for organizing the initiative?: 
Type of Organizing Entity: 
Who else supported the initiative? : 
[no data entered]
Types of Supporting Entities: 
[no data entered]

Resources

Total Budget: 
US$144 601.81
Average Annual Budget: 
[no data entered]
Number of Full-Time Staff: 
[no data entered]
Number of Part-Time Staff: 
[no data entered]
Staff Type: 
[no data entered]
Number of Volunteers: 
[no data entered]

Discussions

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