Political Institutions (e.g. Constitutions, Legal Systems, Electoral Systems)

The prevision of public audiences in the Federal Supreme Court's (STF) field of action refers to the publication of Law No. 9,868, of 1999, being also referred to the Law 9882/99 - the first (law) regulates the Direct Unconstitutionality Action (ADI) and the Declaratory Action of Constitutionality (ADC) while the...
Á gueda – Or ç amento Participativo Problems and Purpose Through the introduction of the Participatory Budget, The Municipality of Águeda aimed to give its people a meaningful way to change their local areas, and improve their quality of life. Recognising that all have potential are well placed to advocate...
Budget Talks Ontario Problems and Purpose The Ontario government, in an effort to improve public engagement created an online pre-budget consultation beginning with a pilot in 2015. For the past three years, Ontarian citizens and organisations have had the opportunity to participate in these budget talks via email, twitter, the...
Budget Talks Ontario Problems and Purpose The Ontario government, in an effort to improve public engagement created an online pre-budget consultation beginning with a pilot in 2015. For the past three years, Ontarian citizens and organisations have had the opportunity to participate in these budget talks via email, twitter, the...
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Problems and Purpose and History The Ontario Citizens Assembly on Electoral Reform was a response to the supposed democratic deficiency in Canada at the time of its inception. The Ontario Government took inspiration from the province of British Columbia who held their own Citizens Assembly prior on electoral reform. The...
Their mission is to ‘engage the people of Austin in meaningful civic dialogue focused on public issues, hosted by community volunteers across the entire city’ (Conversation Corps, 2017b).
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History Independent Advisory Groups (IAGs) have been developed nationally in the United Kingdom to better understand the role the police have upon diverse communities. The IAG project was pushed following the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry Report of 1999, published as ‘The Macpherson report’. Stephen Lawrence was the victim of a racially...
Model Westminster as an organisation is a youth engagement and empowerment programme for British A Level and Undergraduate students with interest in politics. It is set up as a non-partisan, volunteer-run educational enterprise to represent a voice for young British people in various political debates and issues. On the 4th...
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On the 14th September 2014 the people of Scotland were asked to vote either yes or no to the question “Should Scotland be an independent country?” This occurred as an outcome to the SNP (Scottish National Party) electoral pledge to hold a referendum if they won the 2011 Scottish parliament...
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Problems and Purpose The purpose of this case study is to investigate the use of referenda when making significant policy changes in the UK. Referenda are fairly novel in the UK, and thus this democratic innovation will be the focus of this case study, with particular reference to the analysis...
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