Liquid Democracy

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The "liquid democracy" (LD) method of governance seeks to decentralize various rigid limits of democracy. Many use the term Liquid Democracy to describe internet-based Delegated Voting but online Liquid Democracy platforms such as LiquidFeedback and Adhocracy also allow for direct citizen engagement in proposition development and preferential voting. The essence of Liquid Democracy is the tight coupling of a networked voting system to an open system for the discussion and development of policy alternatives, neither of which are possible on a large scale without the internet.



Participant Recruitment and Selection


Deliberation, Decisions, and Public Interaction

"Liquid Democracy is a fast, decentralized, collaborative question-answering system, which works by enabling chained answer recommendation. It occupies the middle ground somewhere between direct and representative democracy, and is designed to ensure that the things we all hold in common stay properly maintained."

Influence, Outcomes and Effects


Analysis and Lessons Learned

Time: Voting only every term

LD enables

  • Permanent, open end voting
  • Voting with a deadline (ending on a due date)
  • Voting with a quorum (ending once a certain approval is reached)
  • Classic Voting (though the benefit of this is unclear)

Content: Current representative democracy grants voting options only for content packages (parties)

LD gives the voter the choice to cast their own vote on a bill (direct democracy) or to delegate their vote for certain themes.

Personnel: Current process limits the formulation of laws to a few people in administration and professional politicians

LD enables every voter to actively get involved in writing the bills. It follows a wiki-principle of collaborative writing in combination with proportional voting power. So every voter can introduce ideas and try to gather votes for these.




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