Restorative Justice

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Restorative justice encompasses the variety of methods which seek justice through cooperative, inclusive processes. Justice sought in this manner attempts to re-balance and repair individual and community relationships.  

Restorative justice is defined by the International Centre for Justice and Reconciliation as "a theory of justice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused by criminal behavior. It is best accomplished through cooperative processes that allow all willing stakeholders to meet, although other approaches are available when that is impossible. This can lead to transformation of people, relationships and communities." It's four major tenants - "inclusion of all parties, encountering the other side, making amends for the harm, [and] reintegration of the parties into their communities" - make this method of justice inherently participatory.[1]

Problems and Purpose




Participant Selection


Deliberation, Decisions, and Public Interaction

A case study of the restorative justice 'Gacaca Courts' in Rwanda is available at

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects


Analysis and Lessons Learned


Secondary Sources


External Links





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