Data

General Issues
Governance & Political Institutions
Specific Topics
Geopolitics
Scope of Influence
National
Ongoing
No
Legality
Yes
Facilitators
No
Face-to-Face, Online, or Both
Face-to-Face
Types of Interaction Among Participants
Express Opinions/Preferences Only
Decision Methods
Voting
Staff
No
Volunteers
No

CASE

Multi-option Referendums: The Cases of Puerto Rico and Newfoundland

First Submitted By Paul Nollen

Most Recent Changes By Scott Fletcher, Participedia Team

General Issues
Governance & Political Institutions
Specific Topics
Geopolitics
Scope of Influence
National
Ongoing
No
Legality
Yes
Facilitators
No
Face-to-Face, Online, or Both
Face-to-Face
Types of Interaction Among Participants
Express Opinions/Preferences Only
Decision Methods
Voting
Staff
No
Volunteers
No

This case details two multi-option referendums relating to state independence.

Note: the following entry is a stub. Please help us complete it.

Problems and Purpose

According to the Centre for Policy Studies Research Fellow Matt Qvortrup, "multi-option referendums have often been discussed in relation to referendums on ethnic and national issues...[and] in relation to the referendum on independence or ‘devolution max’ (independence but with the same currency and foreign policy) in Scotland." The cases of Puerto Rico (1967, 1993, and 1998) and Newfoundland (1948) shed light on "in-out-devo max ballots" where the options are to stay attached to the parent country, to file for complete independence, or to opt for independence with the same currency and foreign policy ('devolution max').

Background History and Context

Organizing, Supporting, and Funding Entities

Participant Recruitment and Selection 

Methods and Tools Used 

What Went On: Process, Interaction, and Participation

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects 

Analysis and Lessons Learned 

See Also

References

http://www.cps.org.uk/blog/q/date/2012/01/20/multi-option-referendums-th...

External Links

Notes

Lead image: CBC, http://bit.ly/2Vu7cpK