Problems and purposes
The integrated urban redevelopment and regeneration project aims at urban, architectural, social and economic interventions for the area of the railway station of Fontivegge (Perugia) and the immediate neighboring districts, affected by petty crime and decay.
"This is a project that the Municipal Administration has placed at the center of the mandate program to counter the growing phenomena of social marginality and widespread petty crime and which have made this context the most problematic area of the city" (Municipality of Perugia , 2016a, p. 1). The document published the images of numerous articles in local newspapers whose words are reported: brawl, alcohol and revenge, prostitutes, fear, quarrel in the street, chaos, minors attack passers-by, kick and punch, robbed at the station, nightmare station, stabbed, gangs, drunk bites (Ib., p.1). It is also added that "various researches have shown that the area is affected by a high rate of crime which has favored the creation of an unpleasant climate and the perception of a sense of neglect" (Ib.). “An analysis conducted on a sample of city users in 2010 gave an account of the high level of perception of insecurity associated with drug dealing and prostitution. Percentages higher than 50% of the interviewees attested, in particular, the insecurity of pedestrian paths due to the presence of young people addicted to the multi-use of drugs and alcohol and migrants of different ethnic groups, who have in fact monopolized the transit of Piazza del Bacio and the porch below the former UPIM. The area taken into consideration is therefore not a periphery traditionally understood; indeed, it is a central area of contemporary Perugia where residency has changed to the detriment of traditional families ”(Ib., p.1-2).
Intervention designed . "In compliance with the 'zero soil consumption' principle, the project envisages an action to recover almost all the abandoned or underused buildings in the area to activate urban services: a library for children with innovative workshops dedicated to graphic arts ; a coworking to promote and support the creation of new businesses, especially for young people; a new privately-owned fitness center; the establishment of the Italian Red Cross, a new aggregation center aimed at families, the elderly, sportsmen and citizens in general, and finally the recovery of an important school building. The project aims to “connect and integrate the urban and social reality of the two districts in a single design, reconnecting them more effectively” (Ib., P. 3-4). "The proposal consists, in particular, of a series of punctual interventions that can be easily implemented, as they are carried out mainly on public buildings, and a series of widespread interventions (video surveillance, public lighting as well as those of a social nature intended mainly for young people) improve the level of liveability, safety and decorum of the area "(Ib. 2). Apart from the areas of public ownership (Municipality, ATER), specific agreements have been stipulated in the areas owned by RFI (Rete Ferrovie Italiane), as well as in the areas of private property (Ib., P.10).
Participatory process. "In view of the signing of the Convention with the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, the Municipality has activated a participatory process managed by participation professionals and held in November and December 2017, which involved the local community and stakeholders, with the following targets:
- illustrate the aims and contents of the general project;
- participate and share some specific interventions, based on the functional indications contained in the preliminary projects already approved by the municipal administration, in order to incorporate any requests and proposals of citizens and various stakeholders during the preparation of the subsequent planning levels "(Lorenzo, V., 2017, p. 3).
History and geography
The Umbrian capital is a historic city lying on a hill, in a central position with respect to the fertile plains of the Valle di Chiana (north-west) and the Umbrian Tiber Valley, longitudinal to the region. After the war it saw a rapid and gradual demographic growth, passing from 95,310 inhabitants in 1951 to 173,000 today (July 2017) of which over 20,000 foreigners (about 12%).
Since 1995 the city has been governed by the center-left, until 2014, the year in which, in the first round, the mayor in office W. Boccali, with a broad center-left coalition, takes 46.5% of the votes and the center -right reaches 26%, the 5 Star Movement, in strong growth compared to the previous administrative in 2009, takes 16,225 votes (19.08%). In the second round, however, Boccali, of his 39,582 votes, only counts 25,666, while Romizi, the center-right candidate, wins, overtaking Boccali, with 35,469 votes (58%). In Boccali's program, participation occurs as a generic term or as "forms of participation and comparison at no cost but capable of empowering citizens and broadening their choices and administrative action" [...] "like neighborhood consultations" . In Romizi's program the theme of participation has no relevance if not vague and generic under some theme.
The security theme is present in both programs. Boccali's PD "Perugia Safe City" indicates it as a quarter of 6 points. Romizi puts him in the third of 14 points.
Security for Boccali's PD is a city “where you live well, where there is social cohesion, integration, where there is excitement, culture and where the spaces of associated life and aggregation are fully exploited. It is a lived city ”(PD Perugia, 2014 program, p. 14-15). It means operating on various fronts and sectors: culture, mobility, interconnectivity, services (Ib.). Building greater social cohesion and welfare (Ib.) And participation (see above 'Neighborhood councils'). In a liveable and lively context “the programs of the Municipality and the State in the area of territorial control, prevention and fight against crime and violence must be continued and consolidated. The reference is to the realization of projects against violence, to the collaboration with the competent institutions for the adaptation of the structures on the territory, in particular in the historic center, for the fight against crime and drug dealing. With ever increasing attention, the issues relating to mafia infiltration on the territory and to organized crime phenomena will have to be studied in depth ”(Ib., P. 16).
The security situation in Perugia for Romizi is much more serious. "The state of suffering in the city, the spread of drugs and the spread of acts of vandalism and petty crime require the adoption of a very urgent shock therapy on various fronts" (Municipality of Perugia, 2014a, Mandate program , p. 7). "In addition to the necessary interaction between the various law enforcement agencies and the circulation of the flow of information from citizens, a fundamental area of action is that of the conservation of urban decor, as it is statistically proven that where this is neglected more there are frequent acts of vandalism and petty crime, as well as the concentration of subjects linked to the world of drug dealing, prostitution and the underworld in general. Another context in which action is needed is that of the school. Prevention and conservation interventions must therefore act hand in hand ”(Ib.). The interventions indicated refer to an increase in surveillance and control measures, with special operational units of the municipal police, public and private cameras, increase in public lighting, on conservation and urban decoration with 'rehabilitation' interventions in all neighborhoods of the city, prevention in schools on drugs, bullying and vandalism. The mayor also aims "at the organization of cultural and tourist events with the intention of intensifying the presence of citizens and tourists in the historic center and in the suburbs, and not only in the consolidated inertarias, to counteract the degradation and discomfort that arises in the places anonymous and devoid of sociality and favor forms of associations, based on previous experiences of spontaneous committees of citizens. The compensation of the City will also come through the communication on the recovery of an image of a participatory and, therefore, safe city "(Ib.).
With the DPCM (Decree of the President of the Council of Ministers), May 25, 2016 "Call for urban redevelopment and the security of the suburbs", the Italian Government led by Renzi intends to remedy the alarming problems of degradation and poverty in which various suburbs find themselves urban Italians; the Municipality and the Region of Umbria seize the opportunity of state funds and apply for the redevelopment of the Fontivegge and Bellocchio area of Perugia (Municipality of Perugia, 2016a).
The total estimated cost of the interventions consists of 36,708,000 Euros, will have an impact on 3,375 residents, 1,800 families, 647 over-65s, about 3,000 young people involved in regenerative activities, 16,500 public mobility users, 43 commercial operators (Ib., p. 8-9).
The Fontivegge district . It rises around the nineteenth-century railway station of Perugia, and was the subject of a major urban restructuring operation in the 1980s. The unfinished intervention failed to catalyze social and economic functions and contents. The square has remained isolated from the flows that cross the neighborhood and the Minimetrò station (designed by Jean Nouvel) which has given the area the role of the main intermodal hub of city transport, is in a peripheral position with respect to the area. "The square in front of the station (Piazza Vittorio Veneto), while being an identifying element of the genesis of Fontivegge and the topographical center of gravity of the entire area, today presents itself as a mere road junction for the transit and parking of buses, taxis and cars private. The most worrying data that today concerns Fontivegge is related to the presence of several abandoned buildings, both publicly owned (former freight yard and former roadhouse owned by RFI) and privately (former Upim building located between Piazza del Bacio and the station). Ultimately, both the impoverishment of social capital and the state of abandonment of many buildings is what has determined the current character of "non-place" of this area, in which citizens do not recognize themselves, leaving room for the spread of micro-crime "(Ib., P. 3).
Bellocchio district . “Located downstream from the railway station and connected to the Fontivegge district by a narrow pedestrian underpass, it was born in the 1940s as a low-density district destined for the workers of Perugina. In the '70s,' 80s and '90s, the settlement will undergo a tumultuous high-density urban transformation which has, in spite of itself, favored the importation of the phenomena of social marginality generated in the area of the station and the establishment of important phenomena of prostitution, illegal immigration and drug dealing and which are now about to extend to the neighboring residential area of Madonna Alta ”(Ib., p. 3).
Promoters and lenders
Municipality of Perugia. Mayor, Andrea Romizi; Councilor for territorial marketing, economic development and European planning - street furniture, Michele Fioroni; Councilor for urban planning, private construction and sport, Emanuele Prisco; they are the representatives of the Executive. The technical sectors of the administration are all involved (mobility and infrastructure, engineering, cultural heritage and safety at work, technological systems - energy, environmental resources, smart city and innovation, school and sports construction, social services, cultural activities, libraries and tourism , decentralization The general coordination is by the engineer and architect Enrico Antinoro (Municipality of Perugia, 2016a).
Umbria Region . "To start the rehabilitation of the area, part of the financial resources of the Urban Agenda have already been channeled into it, from the ERDF and FSE POR Umbria funds - DGR 2011/2015" (Ib., P. 1-2).
Italian Government. It finances an important part of the project with the DPCM (Decree of the President of the Council of Ministers), 25 May 2016 “Call for urban regeneration and suburban safety” with 16 million Euros (Link 1 - Press review).
Studio GeoSofia - Knowledge in process - by Viviana Lorenzo, architect and expert in participatory processes who, for the management of the single scheduled meetings and the preparation of supporting graphics, availed of the collaboration of prof. Raymond Lorenzo (co-host) and Pietro Pedercini (facilitator and graphic designer).
The cost incurred by the client (Municipality of Perugia) for the participatory process is not given.
Selection of participants
Based on a mapping of potential interested parties and main stakeholders for the areas involved, developed by cross-referencing the lists of cultural, sports, recreational, social and category associations owned by the administration, with the precise identification of municipal services and educational realities present, with lists of condominium administrators, as well as making direct contacts with informal groups active in the territory (as in the case of the Piedibus di Madonna Alta), a list was built to which the participants of the previous participatory path for the construction of the Urban Agenda and the Future in the Green path (Lorenzo, 2017, p. 7).
Coordination table from the Government and Territorial Development Area Sector . Given the importance of the issues dealt with, the active participation of the managers and councilors of reference as well as of the technicians and RUP of the various projects was also considered indispensable for the purposes of the course (Ib.). A formal invitation was sent to this list via the institutional email of the Municipality of Perugia, to which a poster was attached, then posted as a poster in the days preceding the meetings in the project areas at the most prominent businesses and municipal services. (Ib.).
Participatory and cognitive meetings. The itinerary began with 2 moments of information and sharing, the first at the CVA La Piramide di Madonna Alta and the second at the Casa del Parco della Pescaia. The two locations were chosen because they are central to the main areas involved in the project and because they are points of reference for the activities of the local communities (Ib.). These meetings were attended by the mayor, the councilors, the managers of the technical sectors, the process facilitators Viviana Lorenzo and prof. Raymond Lorenzo. In these first 2 open public meetings, associations (cultural, sporting, recreational, social and category) and committees present in the area, the inhabitants of the area concerned, the municipal services and educational realities, as well as the parishes, were invited, through direct invitations via email, public notice on the Municipality website and posters in the neighborhood. The first was attended by 100 people, of which 44 registered with signature and addresses and 49 carried out participation activities. At the second meeting there were 35 registered participants and 37 took part in the activity (Ib.). .
Project walks (n. 2). The representatives of the Piedibus Madonna Alta (4/12) and the key stakeholders for the accessibility of soft mobility paths (6/12) were involved, including the President of the Regional Observatory on the condition of people with disabilities and representatives of the 'National Union of the Blind and Visually Impaired, as well as some inhabitants and associations of the areas involved, the competent offices of the Administration and consultants for the Sustainable Mobility Plan, and some operators of municipal services for young people (CSG) and Citizenship of the area concerned, reaching a total number of 30 participants (Ib. P. 33).
Co-design day . Those who had registered in the appropriate lists of the two previous participatory meetings (27/11 and 30/11) were invited to the Laboratory by e-mail, as well as some who expressly asked to participate during the walks or via e-mail. . The invitation was also sent for information to all those who had registered in the attendance registers of the two previous meetings. As for the Design Walk, to which the mobility technicians were invited, officials, technicians and managers involved in the planning of the Redevelopment Project were directly summoned for the two thematic laboratories (Ib., P. 43). 48 registered people (including technicians) participated.
Individual contributions . A dozen individual contributions were collected sent to the e-mail of the trial or detected during meetings or institutional channels.
Overall contribution . Overall, the meetings saw the participation of about 250 people belonging to various categories (Ib., P. 6). The press review features 3 extensive articles in local newspapers. The presence of institutional offices was constant. In addition to the mayor, it is the Prime Minister himself (Paolo Gentiloni, PD) who goes to Perugia to sign the financing agreement for the tender, from which it is deduced that the amount is 16 million euros from the Government (Link 1 - Press review).
Methods and Tools
Participatory and cognitive meeting . Adapted by the company GeoSofia are public meetings in the style of generic public assemblies (Public Hearing) with planned interventions, but with some important innovations. The first is that of the registration and welcome activity, in which participants are invited to map themselves, on a topographic map and on cards, with the help of post-its, indicating reasons, doubts, questions, things they like and not (Lorenzo, p. 8-20).
MOVE © Lorenzo, Bishop 2004; literally in Italian, "la mossa" or "move" is a collective evaluation tool to carry out a "situation analysis" of an existing context in a "proactive" way, or rather proactively towards a space-system-situation that a group of people or representatives, wants to improve. The acronym "MOVE" is in itself a powerful icon that implies the intention to "move forward", "do something" to change or transform the object or objects of the consultation. The four letters (which work best in Italian) represent the four tasks assigned to the group and that is to indicate which aspects, components or characteristics they would like:
- H old - everything is already good in / around the neighborhood and particularly for green areas and the centrality represented by the District Center;
- Or organize - there is not, should still be done in / for the neighborhood, etc .;
- V alorizzare - what is there, but you could improve in / around the neighborhood;
- And vitare - not to be done anymore in / for the neighborhood (Lorenzo, p. 48).
Focus group . They are group interviews in which the participants have the opportunity to express themselves and listen to other people's versions, in some cases as in this one they have also explained and tried to share as much as possible their positions on various aspects.
Deliberation, decisions and interaction with the public
1st participatory and cognitive meeting (27 Nov, 2017, 9.00pm / 11.30pm, CVA La Piramide). It took place as a public assembly to present for the first time to citizens the contents and objectives of the general urban redevelopment project called “Safety and development for Fontivegge and Bellocchio” which includes a long series of interventions (Lorenzo, p.11).
Auto-mapping . The meeting also constituted the start of the co-planning process and for this reason it was partly managed with participatory techniques and graphic facilitation to introduce the working methodology, motivate the participants and collect their adhesions to the path (Ib. ). At the beginning of the meeting, the participants were invited verbally and through written explanations contained in the program delivered at the entrance, to locate their home or business on a large aerial photo of the areas involved in the project, and to describe their expectations and reasons to participate on post-its (Ib., p. 12). The names of the participants and the exact sentences about their motivations and interests are detailed.
Complaints and tensions relating to the methods of conducting the meeting . After the institutional greetings, followed by the registration and self-mapping activities, there were interventions from the public with complaints about the preliminary management methods and the use of post-its (Ib., P. 16). It was explained by the facilitators that the methodology used was used precisely to allow everyone to express themselves, despite having limited time available, being functional to quickly collect, view and summarize the contributions of all the participants. The situation calmed down also thanks to the intervention of the Mayor and other participants, who invited the former to leave the assembly or allow others to listen to the presentations and participate in activities (Ib., P. 12). During the presentation of the project by the Administration, the participants were invited verbally and through written explanations contained in the program, to write down on post-its, which aspects of the project they appreciated, explaining the reasons, because they respond to the needs of the neighborhood , because they are interesting (I like it) and which aspects they didn't like or think they didn't work properly and to possibly add what they proposed as an alternative (I don't like). Aside, he was also asked to ask a question for clarification or in-depth analysis. Despite the initial moment of conflict, the rest of the meeting took place in a positive way and this activity allowed a rapid collection and a first broad reading (potentially by all those present) of the first evaluations of the overall project and its specific aspects (Ib., p.12).
Furthermore, the reading of the data that emerged made it possible to identify (and explain, subsequently, to clarify the misunderstanding) the observations relating to aspects not covered by the current participatory planning process, but still useful to the Administration and the city government. (Ib.). I like there are different aspects, all the cultural services proposed by the project, artistic, the station renovations, the technological innovations, the co-working services and the reuse of the shed of the freight yard, the family centers, the equipped green and opportunities for sport, as well as cycle paths, lighting and video surveillance. On the things you do not like, detailed changes are listed, doubts on the job offer for young people beyond co-working, the challenge of the skate rink, too many gardens, spaces are forgotten, a dog area, a stage has not been foreseen fixed covered with electricity to show the musical groups of young people, the poor security of access to the underpass, the lack of parking, hopes of radical maintenance, the lack of a social contextualization of the project with the community, scarce possibility of co- planning, non-addressing problems such as improper waste disposal, requests for immediate police intervention, lack of stable tourist attractions, little space for the spontaneity of everyday life, and various questions (Ib. p. 19).
These indications have provided a lot of information and made it possible to efficiently identify some conflicting nodes then resolved between young and old on the skate-park, another node on the vegetable gardens allowed an adjustment by adapting them by type and management, the widening of attention to other adjacent sites but not included in the project and to subsequently satisfy the numerous requests for greater participation. At the end of the meeting the overall path was described, reaffirming the objectives and explaining the methods.
2nd Participatory and cognitive meeting (November 30th, 9:00 pm - 11:30 pm, Casa del Parco della Pescaia). The meeting, after the welcome activity (which exploits the physiological waiting times of public meetings), the interventions start, but after the greetings of the President of the Association for the Rights of the Elderly (the association that manages the park) and given the experience of the 1st meeting, to avoid complaints as much as possible that would have taken time away from the meeting, we immediately move on to the presentation of the workshop by the facilitators. Then the technicians intervene. Finally, the adhesions for the workshops scheduled in the following days are collected. The evening took place like the previous workshop and the nodes that emerged were almost the same; added to them a greater pressure on the need for parking, long times and the need for immediate maintenance to give a signal, there are those who propose to manage services - the new social center - those who demand maintenance of the sidewalks (Ib., p. 31-32).
Project walks (n. 2). To deepen the theme of the accessibility system and cycle and pedestrian paths, 2 project walks were carried out (4 and 6 December) which involved the participants (see selection of participants), provided with a map and card, in a mapping of the critical points for accessibility and safety (road or otherwise) and of the points to be valued The walks lasted 2 hours, one at night and one during the day. Thanks also to the accompaniment of blind and disabled people, these walks made it possible to map many problematic points, to evaluate and collectively discuss some design ideas which were then confirmed in the Laboratory of 9/12 and included in the indications for designers (Ib., P. 33).
Focus Parco della Pescaia (11 December). It took place with the presence of officials and the manager of the Environmental Resources Area of the Municipality of Perugia, with the President Ada Girolamini of the ADA Association (Association for the Rights of the Elderly), responsible for the agreement with the Municipality of Perugia for the management of the Parco della Pescaia as part of the Futuro nel Verde project, which on the basis of a previous comparison with the other organized and informal realities involved in the use and management of the park, defined various specifications and changes with respect to the preliminary project (Ib., p . 40-42).
Co-design day (9 December, 11:00 - 17:00 with lunch break) with the two Thematic Laboratories in parallel - Thematic Laboratory A "Qualification and re-functionalization of the system of green spaces and equipped for sport" and Laboratory Theme B "Strengthening the 'neighborhood center' in via Diaz" was the heart of the path and represented the final and most important public moment of the entire participatory process, because it allowed to systematize the elements that emerged in the first two participatory meetings and in walks (Ib., p. 43). The objectives were:
- share the indications that emerged in previous meetings;
- bring out and document the skills related to places;
- know the participants and their projects and the willingness to collaborate in future developments;
- work creatively to discuss and confirm the most commonly shared indications in a list of ideas, recommendations, proposals to be delivered to the Municipality and to the designers.
The day was conducted with an initial moment of evaluation of the current situation of the interconnected system of needs through the MOVE, two Focus groups and a final synthesis plenary assembly to confirm the most shared elements.
MOVE . With the post-its 4 billboards were filled with the respective 4 moves: maintaining, organizing, enhancing, avoiding, for each thematic area, green spaces and sports and the center of the neighborhood. Numerous assertions have emerged at this stage, some of which have already been used in previous meetings. Then the participants were divided into two groups, by thematic area, with focus groups. Printed tables and project reports were provided. From the discussion, general and specific indications emerged for each area, with organizational and methodological clarifications (eg giving more information on the site, identifying contact persons in the municipality and in the district to facilitate communications, providing meetings / workshops with the designers during the design phase executive, careful management of construction sites, etc.); landscape indications (eg hedges and green barriers, functional, social, hygienic (eg public toilets), informative, naturalistic, architectural, geographical (eg following paths and 'spontaneous' tracks already existing in the definition of further paths in new areas). the same is done in the focus of the thematic area of the center where a rich emergence of different indications will be obtained. The redevelopment project is seen as a virtuous process and indications are provided for the needs, functions and characteristics that the containers must assume. buildings, their open spaces and their connections: District center, Piazza Alimenti, (Ib., p. 65).
Design recommendations and guidelines . At the end of the path, the facilitators draw up the document with the design indications and recommendations shared by the participants: proceed immediately with better maintenance of the areas to be redeveloped, provide for durable materials and economic maintenance, implementation phases divided into periods of limited duration, which do not interrupt attendance for too long, continuation of the participatory path during the definitive planning with the main actors of the area, foresee another public meeting / laboratory towards the end of the definitive planning phase for the public verification of the projects (Ib., p . 70). Tables with maps of the area, legend and numbered and detailed information are attached (see attached map 1). In addition to the two thematic areas, greenery and connections and the urban center, an important part concerns the district center with all the relevant suggestions, and here too recommendations and proposals (Ib., P. 78-79). A list of the subjects interested in continuing the path and collaborating in the future development of the project is provided in the co-management and proposition of further timely activities available to discuss with the designers during the preliminary design phases. These are 5 groups of local civic actors who refer to: young people and children, the elderly, ACLI, cultural, artistic, sports associations, traders and individual citizens.
Collection of individual contributions . During the course, individual contributions were collected and reported in full in an attachment (Ib.).
Influence, results and effects
The laboratories have recently closed (December 2017) and it is not yet possible to detect the effects on the decisions. No official response from the municipal administration on the recommendations and guidelines that emerged from the participatory process was detected from the pages of the site. The result pages updated on 2/13/18 (ril. 2/16/18).
Analysis and lessons learned
Transparency . First of all, the completeness of the reporting provided by the facilitators of the process must be noted, but the amount of expenditure for carrying out the examined path is not given.
Sharing the route . The path was fully supported by the administration, but was not sufficiently prepared in time so as to allow, in advance of the start, an adequate sharing with the actors of the city and the areas concerned. The methodologies used, even with a certain impact, have involuntarily generated a positive effect of concern which has turned into an energetic appreciation with a consequent intensification of mobilization and participation.
The communication campaign was complete and effective locally but perhaps a little lacking towards urban actors, in fact - strangely - strong traditional actors, such as trade associations, trade unions and professional orders, large commercial groups are not involved. . More in-depth surveys are needed on this deficiency. The owners had been contacted to stipulate 'special agreements' previously (RFI and banks) but other urban actors do not seem to have appeared.
Inclusion . The targeted invitation and the effective presence of blind and disabled people during the walks made it possible to obtain much more complete information and data regarding the current status and recommendations for future interventions. The presence of foreigners and 'representative' subjects of groups at risk of hardship, poverty and deviance was not detected or considered in the project.
Representativeness . Although 250 people were involved, given the extent and entity of the project, the process could have been concluded at least with a public presentation, in the presence of the authorities, of the final document. Ultimately, the representativeness of the outcome was neither verified nor expanded.
PD Perugia (2014), Electoral program of the PD of Perugia, 25/5> http://www.pdperugia.it/installation_blog/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Programma-Pd-Perugia.pdf (ril. 16 / 2/18).
Municipality of Perugia (2014a), Program guidelines for the mandate 2014-2019 of the mayor Andrea Romizi> http://istituzionale.comune.perugia.it/resources/Sindaco/lineeProgrammaticheSindacoRomizi.pdf (ril. 16/2/18).
Municipality of Perugia (2016a), Umbria Region, Safety and development for Fontivegge and Bellocchio, Annex A, General report> http://istituzionale.comune.perugia.it/Resources/ProgettoRiqualificazioneUrbana/AlnexA-RelazioneGenerale.pdf (ril. 16 / 2/18).
Lorenzo V. (2017 - edited by), Municipality of Perugia, Urban Redevelopment Project, Pescaia, Fontivegge, Bellocchio, Madonna Alta, Conoscere Co-project (A Participatory Workshop for Pescaia, etc.)> http: //istituzionale.comune. perugia.it/Resources/ProgettoRiqualificazioneUrbana/Report_completo_def_2018.pdf (release 16/2/18).
- Municipality of Perugia, Security and development for the Fontevegge and Bellocchio area> http://istituzionale.comune.perugia.it/pagine/sicurezza-e-sviluppo-area-fontivegge-bellocchio (ril. 16/2/18).