The introduction to the project reads: "farmers can become a guide in rethinking current agriculture, promoting the development of sustainability, community, tradition, and innovation". The question was: "Can the campaign become a tourism product?"
Problems and Purpose
The purpose of the Agrado participatory process is "the definition of a regulatory and operational model to make the Cervese agricultural world an increasingly active and proactive subject in the maintenance of natural resources, in the management of the landscape, in the enhancement of the cultural heritage of the territory rural "(Cervia Turismo, 2017, p. 5). & nbsp;
the project includes (Ib.):
- the development and implementation of municipal legislation (Municipality of Cervia) dedicated to the participation of the farmer in the qualification of the agricultural landscape;
- training of involved municipal staff and volunteer farmers;
- the recognition of active good practices present at the local and extra-local level;
- the involvement of groups of citizens interested in issues of environmental culture and social innovation. & nbsp;
The Participatory Proposal Document (DocPP), required by law 3/10, is the document relating to the outcome of the process: "in addition to containing elements useful for the drafting of the (new) Agrado Regulation", according to the intentions of the designers , you will also find useful information for the "Urban Building Regulations (RUE), enriching the part dedicated to implementation and procedures (eg procedures for involving citizens, procedures for competitions for ideas on the landscape, etc. ..) in addition to the part dedicated to the discipline of (rural) areas "(Cervia Turismo, p. 3). & nbsp;
Immediate results. Train 20 citizens including volunteer farmers, municipal and sector staff. Carry out actions / events aimed at the care and promotion of the agricultural landscape. Experiment with new participatory tools, rules and practices on agricultural areas (Ib., P. 6). & Nbsp;
Background History and Context
Cervia is a coastal town on the Romagna Riviera, in the Province of Ravenna. Its population since 1861 has grown linearly from 5,700 inhabitants, fishermen and salt workers, up to 28,783 in 2017. Its beaches, pine forests and seaside towns on the coast are the main components that make it an international tourist destination for about 4 million people. , in the summertime. Its post-war political tradition is communist, then center-left until today. In the 2014 municipal elections the PD in coalition with a civic list, SEL and Centro Democratico, prevailed with the mayor Luca Coffari, obtaining 51.27%, of which 43.27 assigned to the PD. & Nbsp;
The landscape has been one of the priorities of the public political discourse of the Cervia administration for several years, showing a wider awareness of the hinterland, where more balanced promotional policies are being oriented. & nbsp;
“Alongside the most famous landscapes for their tourist vocation, such as the sea and the pine forests, there are other landscape and environmental suggestions, such as the salt flats and the wide countryside. The Salina di Cervia, gateway to the south and station of the Po Delta Regional Park, is considered an environment of very high naturalistic and landscape interest, so much so that it has been included as a Wetland of International Importance in the Ramsar convention. [...] The broads of the countryside offer a context rich in different values, from the aesthetic to the social one, from the territorial to the economic one. In particular, the value of agricultural production comes mainly from the fruit, wine and cereal sectors. The Campagna Amica initiative promoted by Terranostra is active throughout the province of Ravenna, the association of Coldiretti born to support and disseminate the operation of farm holidays and the enhancement of the rural environment, in addition to the specific Cervia Ambiente Award. for the municipal area. The Ecomuseum of Cervia project (Established in 2013) is placed in this landscape context (sea, pine forest, salt, countryside) [...]. The Ecomuseum is based on the activation of the community which becomes [...] an actor of community narratives and experiences, co-leader of the entire process of local development and enhancement. This model is applicable to any context in which the community is an “agent”, stimulated to perceive the value of its common life environment and to consciously carry out collaborative promotional actions, adopting participation as a “constituent practice”. In the first two years of the Ecomuseum's life, attention was paid to the landscapes of salt and the landscapes of the sea, the object of attention for the next two years will be the countryside (or agricultural) landscape which is configured as an opportunity and resource for expanding policies governance of the agricultural territory and the perception of satisfaction by all users (the name Agrado derives from the match of "agriculture" and "satisfaction"). In support of the choice to pay attention to the agricultural landscape, the increasing number of reports from rural communities urging the municipal administration to take better care of certain aspects concerning the livability of the places and the decor of the hinterland should be highlighted. Within the governance tools of the municipal area, some of the central issues that will have to characterize future agricultural planning are addressed. The crisis of an expansive development model, together with the unconditional confidence in the economic and social repercussions that this model represented, has led to the rediscovery of points of view and attitudes typical of the rural world: the value of bio-diversity as opposed to crop and cultural homologation , the importance of "soft" and renewable technologies, the use of social practices (such as the "time bank", community gardens, rural dining and tasting centers, rural parks, not least the woofer network ). All this can make the agricultural production of the individual evolve towards participation in landscape production "(Cervia Turismo, 2017, pp. 6: 8). & Nbsp;
Organizing, Supporting, and Funding Entities
Cervia Turismo is a public-private company (the Municipality of Cervia is the majority shareholder with 51%) "promoting and marketing the city and managing tourist information and reception points" (Link 2). p >
Municipality of Cervia is the body that holds the decision related to the process; the person in charge of the process (for the purposes of regional law 3/10) is the manager of the Culture and Tourism sector, Daniela Poggiali. The Municipality has made the formal commitment with a resolution of the Council (n. 135 of 26/7/2016) "to suspend any administrative act of its competence that anticipates or jeopardizes the outcome of the proposed process" (Cervia Turismo, p. 7 ). & nbsp;
Emilia-Romagna Region, Guarantee technician for participation. Established in 2012 as a structure provided for by Regional Law 3/10, it is held by the Director General of the Legislative Assembly of the Region. The staff consists of 2 officials. It promotes regional participation policies, training and assesses the quality of ex-ante, ongoing and ex-post projects for the purposes of the regional call for funding and certification only. & Nbsp;
Lenders. The total cost of the project was 45,000 Euros. Cervia Turismo has contributed with 5,000 Euros, the Municipality of Cervia with 20,000 Euros and the Region, through the 2016 call, has assigned 20,000 Euros to the project (Cervia Turismo, p. 14). The Agrado project ranked 2nd in a ranking of 23 funded projects out of 75 projects submitted (Link 3).
Professional Association of Active Principles. The president of the Association, Dr. arch. Monia Guarino as an expert in participatory processes, carried out the planning, coordination of the process and facilitation. It received a remuneration of 16,000 euros, of which 1,500 for the design (Ib., P. 15:17). The role of "external collaborator" refers to a letter of appointment dated 25/7/2016 in which the client is not indicated, probably Cervia Turismo (Cervia Turismo, 2016, p. 8). & Nbsp;
Project staff. The project staff is composed of the person in charge of the process, manager of the culture and tourism sector of the Municipality of Cervia, D. Poggiali; by the managing director of Cervia Turismo srl, Renzo Zoffoli, with the role of coordinator and general supervision; by A. Giordano of the Municipality of Cervia, Cultural planning service with the role of technical and organizational support; Annalisa Zanelli, coordinator of Cervia Turismo srl with the role of technical-organizational support, relations with the community, communication and logistics management; Monia Guarino, from the Active Principles Association, curator of the participatory process, management and reporting (Cervia Turismo, 2016, p. 7-8). & Nbsp;
Romagna Vacanze soc. coop. based at Cervia Turismo of which it is the private shareholder at 49%, it is a travel agency that deals with hotel reservations, ticket sales, tour organization. It has invoiced services for organization, coordination and secretarial services for training meetings (6,000 euros), organization of public events (7,930 euros), logistical support in participatory courses, community involvement actions (3,887 euros), for a total of 17,817 Euro (Cervia Turismo, 2017, pp. 15:17). It is not clear the role of this company in the project and in what capacity it obtained those remunerations given that it was Cervia Turismo acting in the project staff on the same tasks. & Nbsp;
Centro Arcobaleno sas is a graphics and press agency that took care of the advertising materials for a remuneration of 9,000 Euros (Ib.)
Other partners are suppliers of services and food products, including local artisans and farmers, a bus rental company, an association that organized a theme evening (Ib.). & nbsp;
Participant Recruitment and Selection
. A map of stakeholders has been drawn up and has been expanded / updated based on the information obtained progressively in the meetings of the negotiation table.
The complete TN was formed by 2 councilors of reference from the Municipality of Cervia, D. Poggiali (tourism sector manager and process manager), Annalisa Zanelli (technical manager), Monia Guarino (consultant and participation manager), G. Milanesi ( Municipality of Cervia), C. Merloni (Ecomuseum of Salt and Sea), R. Rossetti (Coldiretti), L. Corelli (Order of agronomists), A. Ricci (ITAS Cesena), M. Conficoni (GAL Delta 2000), C. Tiozzi (Coop. Atlantide), A. Welcome and P. Pepoli as citizens of the community (Cervia Turismo, 2017, p. 11). & Nbsp;
The calls of the Region provide for rewarding scores, for the purposes of the ranking for the allocation of funding. The formal agreement is one of the requirements that allows you to obtain an additional score. It is a pact signed between promoters, decision-making authorities and actors who have expressed an interest and a commitment to collaborate, support and participate in the process. In this formal agreement there are some actors who then do not appear, inexplicably, in the TdN: Confcommercio, SICOT, Cultural Group Civilità Salinara, CAB Comprensorio Cervese, Parco della Salina, Memento agricultural society, Rossi Baldo and Giuliano - farmers (Cervia Turismo, 2016, p. 9). & Nbsp;
They were facilitated by Monia Guarino (Active Principles) but the actual participants in each meeting are not given. & nbsp;
A total of 134 citizens participated, of which: & nbsp;
87 are citizens who took part in the events,
35 are citizens who took part in the workshops (22 men, 13 women, 4 young people under 30); 6 are representatives of organized organizations, 4 are farmers, 3 are professionals (Ib., P. 10).
The final report (Cervia Turismo, 2017) summarizes: web page, logo, 1 project presentation sheet, 1 adhesion, 2 posters, 3 postcards, 30 posters (good practices / landscape examples) and 4 report sheets. In addition to not being given the distribution plan actually conducted, on the dedicated web page, the 30 posters (Link 1) cannot be found. & Nbsp; & nbsp;
The project also included: press conference and press releases, articles in the municipal periodical and advertising spaces in newspapers and newspapers, interactive website-blog, a printed newsletter to be distributed in the information points, a short film of 20-30 minutes on the results for the final show, a final brochure to document the experience and promote the contents of the DocPP (Cervia Turismo, 2016, p. 15). These actions are not present on the dedicated page as well as the DocPP, the minutes of the TdN and of the events (Link 1). The DocPP was found on the website of the Observatory on participation, in the relevant project sheet (Link 4).
Methods and Tools Used
(TdN). The TdN is foreseen by the regional law 3/10 (art. 13), it is a discussion group accessed by the actors to discuss and reach an agreement on a common goal. By actors we mean those who are able to mobilize resources (positively or negatively) of various types (cultural, economic, political) on a given issue. & Nbsp;
The objective of a Negotiation Table can be of three types:
- an agreement on the participatory process related to a common political problem / objective. The agreement concerns the adhesion or the commitment to participate in an organized discussion path on a common problem; & nbsp;
- an agreement on the goal: in this case the actors, in addition to sharing the process, propose different scenarios on which the same actors find a mediation or a compromise, selecting a single shared scenario; in this case it would be preferable to also carry out an extended verification step with citizens through tools that favor greater representativeness;
- an agreement on the conflict: in this case the actors propose different scenarios on which, however, they cannot agree. However, having accepted the participatory / deliberative process, they are involved in the discussion with the citizens and undertake to accept the outcome of this process, through tools to broaden their representativeness. & Nbsp;
. & nbsp;
They are very common ways to bring a group of people together and start a discussion with them around a desired topic, thanks to the conduct of a moderator who is called to stimulate the discussion and to verify that everyone can express their opinion. Through this methodology it is possible to collect different opinions, stimulate a comparison between different positions and explore different points of view or reach an agreement. To facilitate the discussion, post-its can be used, which allow those who are not comfortable speaking in public to express their opinions and those who have difficulty summarizing to reflect on what the fundamental concept is. they want to express. Focus groups typically host 12-14 participants. In this case the methodological and organizational modalities are not reported.
They are facilitated meetings, often also attended by technicians from the public administration and experts, usually include more appointments. They are aimed at the group elaboration of projects or design indications of various types. In the case of landscape workshops, maps, sheets, post-its and cards are used to frame places, activities and ideas under various aspects. In this case the methodological and organizational modalities are not given.
is an event set up as an exhibition of projects / works / posters / case studies in which participants are involved in evaluations, impressions, stimulated by what they see and experience. & nbsp;
Deliberation, Decisions, and Public Interaction
"The process was divided into a single phase" (Cervia Turismo, 2017, p. 9) instead of 3 phases as stated in the project presented to the Region (Cervia Turismo, 2016). “The most planning moments were alternated with moments of confrontation extended to citizenship and awareness / promotion initiatives. Particular attention was paid to the involvement of students from high schools (agriculture and hospitality) and to the construction of synergies with similar projects (Ecomuseo del sale e del mare) "(Cervia Turismo, 2017, p. 9). However in the DocPP (R.4) the events. apart from the training ones, they are divided into 3 phases. & nbsp;
Training. The training meetings were held at the Magazzini del Sale municipal library in 5 meetings from 19/1/2016 to 16/3/2017). Neither the program, nor the contents, nor the teachers, nor the participants of the declared training course are detectable. & Nbsp;
Meeting places. They took place in the offices of the Area Councils, in schools and on farms in the hamlets.
15/12/16 "Flavors and emotions" (Cervia Turismo, 2017, p. 9) there is no information on this event on the site, neither as a notice nor as a report; & nbsp;
14/1/17 “Market of ideas”. At this meeting - probably organized as a focus group and exhibit with the display of posters showing cases of best practice - participants were asked "How can the Cervia countryside become a tourism product? How can the private individual promote the various assets? How can the different realities work together for the Cervia countryside? ”. First ideas on crops and typical products, 7 ideas are quickly cited: eg, organizing markets in the city dedicated to farmers in the rural area of Cervia, "bearers of typical and original products" (see Campagna Amica); plan the “farmer's lunches” where tourists / citizens can have lunch together with one or more factors, enjoying the typical cuisine based on the day's harvest (to which the tourist can contribute); create an association of women farmers; promote food trials (involving the hotel institute) to use and enhance the sweet salt of Cervia, thistle, asparagus from the pine forest. On experiences and recreational activities, 11 activities are listed: e.g. organize walks or bike rides in the countryside to enjoy the benefits of a slow landscape (connect sea-center-countryside indicating km, difficulty, resistance, calories); stimulate the playful use of the agricultural landscape (e.g. labyrinths, farmer games, educational workshops in the open air). On the landscapes there are 7 ideas: to use both techniques and materials in the area; recover the rural ruins, re-evaluate the farmhouses and manor villas, underlining their contribution to the identity landscape; enhance the Roman centuriation still present, shield the industrial areas, create rest areas with "paintings" and "seats" to frame the landscape and invite contemplation. Quite common ideas about transportation and promotion follow (R.0). & Nbsp;
23/1/17 - 1st workshop. The first meeting this time focused only on the first question: How can the Cervia countryside become a tourist product? The interventions are reported by category. Under the item Criticalities, for example, the following are cited: Labor Inspectorate checks that do not allow non-working people (visitors, tourists, school groups) to be present in the company, becoming an educational farm or agritourism involves the investment of time, money and skills , the circuits in the countryside need structuring (stages in the farms, posters and signs, events, small points of sale, services), the tourist can be an obstacle to agricultural activity. Among the Opportunities we mention the proximity to the sea, interesting targets of users. Among the issues we mention, for example: how to sensitize the sea (hoteliers and lifeguards) to open up to the countryside? how to make your promotion profitable? But the times for change are ripe (in the last 30 years the experiments have been at a loss, see the coop drying room. Edera. In the Proposals we have: eg white trips from the sea to the pine forest, from the salt pan to the countryside, itineraries in rural areas, narrative excursions, farms in the square, the web as a tool for attracting tourists, safeguarding the foreseen (no building speculations in the hamlets), gates to the countryside along the Adriatic state road. investigate the point of view of the tour operator, regulate use, develop light infrastructures and services for tourists. With regard to the Regulations, the various proposals on the categories are repeated: landscape structure and infrastructure; agro-forestry-pastoral tradition, promotion of the territory and so on (R.1).
6/2 - 2nd workshop. The question of the meeting is: "In the Cervia countryside, how can the private sector promote the various assets?". The question returns which are the acceptable "non-workers"? What kind of experiences can users have? Which actors are called in and what can they do? We need a mapping (first of all) on the active companies, the type of cultivation, age of the owners, typical catering, etc. The mapping can concern a sensory journey, thematic, experiential and motivational paths. The notes and ideas list "landscape maps, whose organized contents act as a direction to create activities, workshops, itineraries, cultural facts, transposed and made accessible in the form of a palimpsest of narratives of experience" (R.2). & Nbsp; < / p>
The construction of the Agrado regulation continues, recalling the list already mentioned (centuriation, cycle and pedestrian routes, public transport, biodiversity, memory, typical products, crafts, Km0 supply chain, care and maintenance, coordination and operational alliances, "Campagna Cervese" product (quality, conviviality, narrations, experiences, landscape map). This project is given more relevance and its characters are detailed, eg quality is about uniqueness, responsibility, authenticity, beauty and proximity; about conviviality it is about developing actions that can characterize the territory beyond the tourist presence, for example with initiatives such as "Campagna at the table", one day a week / month in the schools of the foreseen parents can cook local products in the canteen and eat together with their children; "Campagna in piazza" is organized a "narrative market where in addition to buying the products grown in the area, the consumer receives the spu nto (map) to trace the origins of the product "(R.2). Potential operational allies are listed at different scales: international (Work Away, WWOOF, Slow Food), national (FI.CO, Eataly, AIS, Educational farms), regional, provincial and local. Finally, possible promotional tools are listed: training farms, exhibitors, cultural operators, souvenirs of the countryside (a fresh or processed product accompanied by local recipes), landscape views (set up along the paths of the installations to educate the eye), dedicated packaging and certification and a brand-mark (R.2).
20/2 - 3rd workshop. The point draft of the Agrado Regulation is repeated. The in-depth analysis of the proposals on possible itineraries and possible experiences are reported. In the first case, an itinerary is “The long Savio” in which it is necessary to develop the medium-long term river contract. The route is indicated, the stations of panoramic interest, the stops at the farms (where there may be bikes and canoes made available for tourists), the sensory stations (in the weeks of flowering of peach, pear, cherry, apple, plum trees ). Possible experiences are listed: the cooking class with tasting, picnic and barbecue in the farmyard, art in the garden, our countryside on the table (sand thistle, wild asparagus, etc. ..). Each experiential initiative is enriched with points / actions such as for the art of the vegetable garden it is about "learning how to make a vegetable garden in a few meters of the garden or on the balcony, teaching how to set up the vegetable garden in a creative and scenic way using materials recovery (tires, wheelbarrows, suitcases, hollow trunks), gift to the participants in a jute bag, etc. (R.3).
25/3 “Spring picnic”. It is advertised and its content can only be detected by a poster downloadable from the site as an event that wants to test the proposals resulting from the meetings. The meeting point is at a farm in the hinterland (Pisignano). From there we leave at 3:00 pm for an “excursion along the Savio river: to discover the colors and smells of the March blooms”; at 16:00 "Arte dell’Orto. Preparation of a small family garden: how and when to get the green thumb "and at 5 pm" Once upon a time snack. Tasting of artisan jams and Cervia thistle in oil. The day ends with a concert of folk songs with accordion and guitar (Link 1). The curators considered the event a public presentation of the results of what was done in the laboratories and probably have drawn their own implicit evaluation but no detection / feedback tools of any kind are given.
Negotiation table. The TdN was convened 5 times, from 16:00 to 18:00 on the following days: 25/10/16; 16/11; 7/12; 8/3/2017; 13/4/17. No minutes or summaries are detectable.
5/22/17 - Participation proposal document. In the DocPP, 2 pages are dedicated to the project as written in the initial documents with objectives, context, expected results. 2 pages are small photos mounted in mosaic from which you can get a fairly vague idea of the participants and places, 6 pages are an enlarged transposition of the reports of the meetings. In addition, a half page is dedicated to the intentions relating to monitoring the impact of the results on the procedure, on actual decisions (R.4, p. 8). The following are envisaged: "coordination / updating meeting between the members of the TdN and the Municipality of Cervia to share the steps of the decision, the progressive implementation of the proposals, the updating of the contents of the formal agreement between the parties for co-responsibility in the implementation of the Regulation . Communication of the outcome of the coordination meetings by the TdN and the Municipality to the participants and citizens (news, post, feed, mail). Publication of documents that testify to the decision taken (acts of the Council / Council) and / or its alternation towards implementation, highlighting with an accompanying text how the contributions were considered in the choices of the Municipality (drafting of the Agrado Regulation). Organization of the Agrado Event (exhibit of good practices with animation, photographic competitions, scenic walks, etc.): annual initiative to be carried out within the framework of the European Landscape Day, dedicated to the evaluation of the results and consequences of the implementation of the Regulation ". It is also declared that "Through the involvement of the TN, the Council Commission in charge and the reference technicians, the Agrado Regulation will be drawn up, an important document that must be discussed and approved in the City Council, by December 2017 (R.4, p. 8). & Nbsp;
Influence, Outcomes, and Effects
The path produced a final event that is inspired by the proposals that emerged from the workshops but on this occasion no actions were taken to measure the satisfaction of the participants and the precise number and above all the actual number of individuals was not given 'neutral' that is, not already involved in the TN or in other previous activities. It is also not clear whether the participants have read the draft regulation. To date there was not even the DocPP on the site. No other information was found regarding the decisions of the Municipality, nor updates of any kind. It should be considered that the Municipality would be obliged to give an account of the outcome of the process in its deeds and in a public communication (Regional Law 3/10, Article 10, and Article 16) .
Analysis and Lessons Learned & nbsp;
Relevance and consistency of the participatory process with the administrative procedure. The regulation is presented as a dream book and a kind of marketing plan of the public-private promoter of the Cervia Turismo route, which did not present any particular conflicts (Cervia Turismo, 2017, p. 11). There is a complete lack of important environmentalists, such as those who make the enhancement of the landscape their founding principle. The contribution of Arpa and the Agricultural Policy Sector of the Region, declared as entities involved since the start of the process, together with the Agricultural Institute of Cesena (Cervia Turismo, 2016, p. 3), cannot be traced. Not even the real estate operators were involved and the forms of the current landscape, shaped by the techniques of mechanized agriculture and the total exploitation of space and soil, were not actually questioned, just as the problems were not further investigated, emerged from the first meeting, relating to the presence of non-workers within agricultural properties (accident liability, agricultural vehicle safety, mixed compatibility of agricultural driveways with pedestrian and cycle paths). Nor does it seem appropriate as an administrative act a regulation that in reality cannot regulate anything other than activities and assets already regulated and protected, which had to be approved by December 2017 and to date has not yet been drafted (ril. 9/3/18) . It seems more like an expedient to obtain the additional thematic score, established by the Region in the 2016 call, assigned to the processes that had the "elaboration of municipal regulations and statutory revision projects" as an area of intervention (Cervia Turismo, 2016, p. 2). & nbsp;
Transparency and coherence to the project. The dedicated page on the Municipality website does not present fundamental documents such as the DocPP, the minutes of the TdN, the reasons for the deviation and failure to implement some information and advertising channels and actions, the reports are extremely concise, the methodologies, the phases are defined in one way and then in another, attendance is not detailed per meeting, the communication plan actually conducted is not described, the non-participation of several signatories of the formal agreement to the TdN is not motivated, missing or not reported use of communication tools declared in the project (radio announcements, letters to all citizens, news on the dedicated web pages, posting of the map of the actors on the notice boards of the territory). Press conferences and press releases, newspaper advertisements, posters and short films are also undetectable. Among the declared participation tools, the organization of surveys and city assemblies are not particularly evident (Cervia Turismo, 2016, p. 12). It should be considered that certain types of project descriptions are used to obtain a quality score from the Guarantee Technician who contributes, for the purposes of the tender ranking, considerably, to obtain or not the funding. In this case the quality score obtained was maximum, but from what has been said to what has been done there is a macroscopic inconsistency. & Nbsp;
Inclusiveness. There is a complete lack of actors who could have questioned many substantial aspects of the path, already mentioned above. The absence of controversial and conflicting aspects reduces the motivations to participate in the developments that should broaden its representativeness in order to identify the most viable options, matured after a dialogue and collective discussion. & Nbsp;
Representativeness. Although declared in the project, a final phase of broadening representativeness and verifying consensus is missing. The final event could partially fulfill that purpose, but without tools for detecting preferences, without even a survey of attendance or at least an objective and neutral participant observation - not entrusted to the project staff - it cannot even be considered a his substitute. & nbsp;
Budget. The expense for the organization does not seem justified, given the insufficient reporting of the process. The turnover that Cervia Turismo srl does as a financier of the project and at the same time as a beneficiary through its 49% private partner, the Romagna Vacanze cooperative, should be better monitored. It should be remembered that the co-financing contributions from the proponents, in this case from the Municipality and its subsidiary (Cervia Turismo), produce a higher score for the ranking of the regional call, therefore increasing the probability of obtaining regional funding. & Nbsp; < / p>
- Municipality of Cervia & gt; Agrado project & gt; http://www.comunecervia.it/progetti/agrado.html (ril. 9/3/18). & nbsp;
- Cervia Turismo & gt; http://www.cerviaturismo.it/ (ril. 9/3/18).
- Warranty technician & gt; Call 2016 & gt; http://partecipazione.regione.emilia-romagna.it/tecnico-di-garanzia/bandi/bando-2016 (ril. 9/3/18). & nbsp;
- ERVET & gt; Participation Observatory & gt; http:// Osservatoriopartecipazionerer.ervet.it/Scheda.aspx?4361736F4964%3d31303431 (ril. 9/3/18). & nbsp;
R.0 Report "Market of ideas", 14/1/2017 & gt; http://www.comunecervia.it/progetti/agrado.html?file=files/usr/progetti/agrado/10-foglio-mercato-delle-idee.pdf (ril. 9/3/18). & nbsp; < / p>
R.1 First workshop report, 23/1/2017 & gt; http://www.comunecervia.it/progetti/agrado.html?file=files/usr/progetti/agrado/11-foglio-primo-incontro.pdf (ril. (9/3/18).
R.2 Report Second meeting, 20/2/2017 & gt; http://www.comunecervia.it/progetti/agrado.html?file=files/usr/progetti/agrado/12-foglio-secondo-incontro.pdf (ril. 9/3/18).
R.3 Third meeting report, 25/3/2017 & gt; http://www.comunecervia.it/progetti/agrado.html?file=files/usr/progetti/agrado/13-foglio-terzo-incontro.pdf (ril. 9/3/18). & nbsp; p >
R.4 Subsidiary proposal document, 13/4/2017 & gt; http:// Osservatoriopartecipazionerer.ervet.it/Upload/Upload/Cervia%20Turismo_AGRADO_DocPP.pdf (ril. 9/3/18). & nbsp;
Cervia Turismo (2017), Agrado. Governance for a pleasing agricultural landscape, New municipal regulation, Final report, 28/10 & gt; http:// Osservatoriopartecipazionerer.ervet.it/Upload/Upload/Cervia%20Turismo%20relazione%20finale.pdf (ril., 9/3/18).
Cervia Turismo (2016), Agrado. Governance for a pleasing agricultural landscape, New municipal regulation, Project, 28/7 & gt; http:// Osservatoriopartecipazionerer.ervet.it/Upload/Upload/20169141322350.Cervia%20Turismo%202016%20progetto.pdf (ril. 9/3/18).
 Paragraph 4 of art. 10 states: “The product of the participatory process is a participatory proposal document which the decision-making authorities undertake to take into account in their deliberations. With their deliberative act, the institutions give an account of the procedure and the acceptance of all or part of the proposals contained in the participatory proposal document. If the resolutions differ from the participatory proposal document, the decision-making authorities must give explicit reasons for this in the provision itself ". Paragraph 2 of art. 16 thus states “2. The body responsible for the institutional decision to be taken, having evaluated the participatory proposal, has no obligation and may decide to accept, in whole or in part, the conclusions of the participatory procedure or not to accept them. In any case, he is required to publicly communicate with great relevance and precision, also electronically, which sets out the reasons for his decisions, especially if they are different from the conclusions of the participatory procedure ".