The French Mini-Public on End of Life Care (Conférence citoyenne sur la fin de vie) was held in the framework of a national debate on bioethics in 2013. 18 participants were gathered across 1 day to discuss a possible revision of laws regulating end-of-life care.
Problems and Purpose
Background History and Context
The mini-public was held in the framework of a national debate on bioethics (“Etats généraux de la bioéthique”) in 2013. National debates are mandatory for every revision of bioethics laws (these revisions occur at least every 7 years).
Organizing, Supporting, and Funding Entities
Participant Recruitment and Selection
Methods and Tools Used
What Went On: Process, Interaction, and Participation
Influence, Outcomes, and Effects
On December 16, 2013, participants issued a list of policy recommendations. They endorsed physician-assisted suicide, sedation of terminally ill patients, and euthanasia under certain exceptional conditions. As of November 2019, neither euthanasia nor physician-assisted suicide are allowed in France. A law was enacted in 2016, allowing sedation of terminally ill patients. It is yet unclear whether this reform is related to the outcome of the public deliberation or simply follows recommendations issued by bodies of medical experts.
Analysis and Lessons Learned
This entry is based on the POLITICIZE dataset. More information can be found at the following links:
- Paulis, Emilien; Pilet, Jean-Benoit; Panel, Sophie; Vittori, Davide; Close, Caroline, 2020, "POLITICIZE Dataset", https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/Z7X6GT, Harvard Dataverse, V1
- Pilet J-B, Paulis E, Panel S., Vitori D & Close C. 202X. The POLITICIZE Dataset: an inventory of Deliberative Mini-Publics (DMPs) in Europe. European Political Science.