Data

Face-to-Face, Online, or Both?
Online
Open to All or Limited to Some?
Open to All
Facilitation
No
Scope of Implementation
No Geographical Limits

METHOD

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT)

First Submitted By Scott Fletcher, Participedia Team

Most Recent Changes By Scott Fletcher, Participedia Team

Face-to-Face, Online, or Both?
Online
Open to All or Limited to Some?
Open to All
Facilitation
No
Scope of Implementation
No Geographical Limits

A broad range of tools and techniques emphasising the connective role of information technologies (IT). ICTs require the integration between telecommunications, and computers which allows users to generate, store, transmit and manipulate information.


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Problems and Purpose

Broadly speaking, ICT can be used in any place where face-to-face interaction is impossible or where it is more efficient (resource or time-wise) to communicate through technology. Multiple studies have been done comparing the efficacy of online vs face-to-face deliberation methods such as Citizens' Juries but results are inconclusive. While it may not be ideal for deliberation, ICT does provide an easy and accessible way to articulate preferences through, for example, online voting or SMS (text message) notifications.

Origins and Development

Participant Recruitment and Selection

How it Works: Process, Interaction, and Decision-Making

ICTs require the integration between telecommunications (telephone lines, wireless signals), and computers (including software, middleware, audio-visual systems) which allows users to generate, store, transmit and manipulate information. Due to its broad and vague nature, the definition of ICT is constantly evolving as technology advances and systems of communication become more complex.

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects

Analysis and Lessons Learned

See Also

References

External Links

http://wbi.worldbank.org/boost/tools-resources/topics/promoting-open-bud...

https://rccsar.revues.org/316

http://wbi.worldbank.org/boost/Data/boost/boostcms/files/field/tools-res...

Notes