Data

Face-to-Face, Online, or Both?
Online
General Type of Method
Deliberative and dialogic process
Informal conversation spaces
Typical Purpose
Make, influence, or challenge decisions of government and public bodies
Develop the civic capacities of individuals, communities, and/or civil society organizations
Research
Spectrum of Public Participation
Consult
Links
ICTs and Community Participation: An Indicative Framework
E-Participation: Empowering People through ICTs (UN)
How to Use ICT for Citizen Participation
Open to All or Limited to Some?
Open to All
Number of Participants
There is no limit to the number of people who can participate
Types of Interaction Among Participants
Express Opinions/Preferences Only
Discussion, Dialogue, or Deliberation
Ask & Answer Questions
Facilitation
No
Scope of Implementation
No Geographical Limits
Level of Complexity This Method Can Handle
High Complexity

METHOD

Information and Communications Technologies (ICT)

First Submitted By Scott Fletcher, Participedia Team

Most Recent Changes By Jaskiran Gakhal

Face-to-Face, Online, or Both?
Online
General Type of Method
Deliberative and dialogic process
Informal conversation spaces
Typical Purpose
Make, influence, or challenge decisions of government and public bodies
Develop the civic capacities of individuals, communities, and/or civil society organizations
Research
Spectrum of Public Participation
Consult
Links
ICTs and Community Participation: An Indicative Framework
E-Participation: Empowering People through ICTs (UN)
How to Use ICT for Citizen Participation
Open to All or Limited to Some?
Open to All
Number of Participants
There is no limit to the number of people who can participate
Types of Interaction Among Participants
Express Opinions/Preferences Only
Discussion, Dialogue, or Deliberation
Ask & Answer Questions
Facilitation
No
Scope of Implementation
No Geographical Limits
Level of Complexity This Method Can Handle
High Complexity
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A broad range of tools and techniques emphasising the connective role of information technologies (IT). ICTs require the integration between telecommunications, and computers which allows users to generate, store, transmit and manipulate information.

Problems and Purpose

Broadly speaking, ICT can be used in any place where face-to-face interaction is impossible or where it is more efficient (resource or time-wise) to communicate through technology. Multiple studies have been done comparing the efficacy of online vs face-to-face deliberation methods such as Citizens' Juries but results are inconclusive. While it may not be ideal for deliberation, ICT does provide an easy and accessible way to articulate preferences through, for example, online voting or SMS (text message) notifications.

Origins and Development

Participant Recruitment and Selection

How it Works: Process, Interaction, and Decision-Making

ICTs require the integration between telecommunications (telephone lines, wireless signals), and computers (including software, middleware, audio-visual systems) which allows users to generate, store, transmit and manipulate information. Due to its broad and vague nature, the definition of ICT is constantly evolving as technology advances and systems of communication become more complex.

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects

Analysis and Lessons Learned

See Also

SMS (text message)

References

External Links

http://wbi.worldbank.org/boost/tools-resources/topics/promoting-open-bud...

https://rccsar.revues.org/316

Notes