METHOD

Collaborative Design

April 30, 2019 09:09   (UTC +00:00) Jaskiran Gakhal, Participedia Team
August 1, 2018 16:04   (UTC +00:00) Scott Fletcher, Participedia Team
June 25, 2018 09:09   (UTC +00:00) Lucy J Parry, Participedia Team
February 2, 2018 06:06   (UTC +00:00) OmayraRivera
The following entry is incomplete. You can help Participedia by adding to it. click for more info

Collaborative design methodology covers a broad range of participatory engagement techniques which involve citizens in each stage of the process of a project's drafting and implementation.

Note: the following entry is incomplete. You can help Participedia by adding to it.

Problems and Purpose

Collaborative design covers a broad range of methods and techniques used to engage citizen participants in a project's design process from the beginning. Collaborative design is a broad term that may refer to more specific methods like collaborative planning, events that follow a collaborative design such as hackathons, or approaches to governance and policymaking.

Many methods of participatory governance only involve citizens in one aspect of the process. For example, officials may consult citizens before designing and implementing a project or citizens may be consulted after a range of alternate designs have been drafted. Collaborative design on the other hand, typically refers to methods that include citizens from the beginning - during the initial drafting process - until the end - sometimes continuing their engagement after the project's finalization. 

Origins and Development

Know how and why this method was developed? Help us complete this section!

Participant Recruitment and Selection

Participant selection will depend on the kind of design project and the chosen combination of methods and techniques. However, since the method is quite time and resource-intensive, participant selection is usually targeted or drawn from a representative sample. For example, organizers using collaborative design for the redevelopment of an urban area may only select from among those living near to the area or who are directly affected by the construction.

Depending on the specific method or project, collaborative design may involve engaging multiple stakeholders, as in collaborative planning, or citizens and other actors such as researchers, as in community-based participatory research. 

How it Works: Process, Interaction, and Decision-Making

The process of collaborative design often follows a set methodology which may also incorporate various tools and techniques of deliberation and decision making. For example, multi-criteria analysis or thematic dialogue tables may be used during an Enquiry-by-Design

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects

Know what outcomes and effects this method typically has? Help us complete this section!

Analysis and Lessons Learned

Collaborative methods usually have several positive effects on the participants such as increased trust in government officials, belief in the legitimacy of the design and decision-making process, and a heightened sense of ownership over the finished product. 

See Also

Enquiry-by-Design

Collaborative Planning

References

External Links

Analysing participation in collaborative design environments 

Architects and users in collaborative design: http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/192688/192688.pdf 

Notes

Lead Image: Alistair Blyth | Re-imagining Space for Learning https://goo.gl/mPZWMb