- Face-to-Face, Online, or Both?
- General Type of Method
- Participatory arts
- Participant-led meetings
- Typical Purpose
- Make, influence, or challenge decisions of government and public bodies
- Make, influence, or challenge decisions of private organizations
- Spectrum of Public Participation
- Open to All or Limited to Some?
- Open to All
- Number of Participants
- Small groups
- Types of Interaction Among Participants
- Discussion, Dialogue, or Deliberation
- Informal Social Activities
- Decision Methods
- General Agreement/Consensus
- Scope of Implementation
- Level of Polarization This Method Can Handle
- Moderate polarization
- Level of Complexity This Method Can Handle
- Moderate Complexity
Creative planning is a deliberative technique often embedded within a larger participatory planning process. It's goal is to relieve participants of practical or analytical constraints so that brainstorming and idea generation can flow organically.
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Problems and Purpose
Participatory planning initiatives are often laden with budget, time or space constraints which can cause participants to censor or withhold ideas they perceive to be impractical. By initiating a 'creative planning' exercise, facilitators specifically ask participants to think about and share those ideas - no matter how far-fetched or 'outside the box'. In doing so, other participants may be able to identify ways in which ideas believed to be outside of project constraints can be modified and thus made feasible.
Origins and Development
Participant Recruitment and Selection
How it Works: Process, Interaction, and Decision-Making
Influence, Outcomes, and Effects
Analysis and Lessons Learned