Data

Links
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9781403900968_12
http://tinyurl.com/y63klnlj
Facilitation
No
Scope of Implementation
National
Level of Polarization This Method Can Handle
name:level_polarization-key:moderate_polarization

METHOD

Referendum

First Submitted By Scott Fletcher, Participedia Team

Most Recent Changes By Jaskiran Gakhal

Links
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9781403900968_12
http://tinyurl.com/y63klnlj
Facilitation
No
Scope of Implementation
National
Level of Polarization This Method Can Handle
name:level_polarization-key:moderate_polarization
The following entry is a stub. Please help us complete it. click for more info

Referenda (syn. plebiscite, ballot question) are perhaps the most common form of direct democracy used by representative democracies. Unlike general elections, citizens are not voting on candidates but, rather, on a single political issue.

Note: the following entry is a stub. Please help us complete it.

Problems and Purpose

Referenda (syn. plebiscite, ballot question) are perhaps the most common form of direct democracy used by representative democracies. Unlike general elections, citizens are not voting on candidates but, rather, on a single political issue. A recent example is the UK's referendum on its membership in the EU. Citizens were allowed to vote 'yes' or 'no' to the proposal (leaving the EU) which is a common format of referenda ballots. Referenda decisions are not binding although officials are often pressured to act in accordance with the outcome or else risk public disilusionment and lack of percieved legitimacy. 

Origins and Development

Participant Recruitment and Selection

How it Works: Process, Interaction, and Decision-Making

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects

Analysis and Lessons Learned

See Also

Scottish Independence Referendum 2014 

Somaliland Constitutional Referendum

Hungarian Referendum 2008 

Referendum on the Thirty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland 

References

[1] Wikipedia contibutors, "Referendum", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Referendum

External Links

Constitutional Referendums and Democratic Deliberation 

Referendum Democracy: Citizens, Elites and Deliberation in Referendum Campaigns 

The Referendum Experience in Europe 

https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/referendum 

Notes

Lead image: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images https://goo.gl/6fDxJv