School Councils

School councils allow parents, staff, students, and community representatives to deliberate school-related issues in order to formulate recommendations for principals and school boards.

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Problems and Purpose

School councils are similar to Parent Teacher Associations in that they give recommendations to principals and school boards on a variety of issues. They differ in that councils tend to also include students, non-teaching staff members and community representatives. 

According to the Ontario-based non-profit People for Education, "school councils provide advice to the principal and school board. Every school must have a school council, and members include parents, the principal, a teacher, a student (in high schools), a non-teaching staff member and a community representative. The majority of members must be parents, and the chair must be a parent. Principals do not vote on school council decisions." [1]

Origins and Development

Participant Recruitment and Selection

How it Works: Process, Interaction, and Decision-Making

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects

Analysis and Lessons Learned

See Also

Kentucky School Councils 

Chicago Public Schools: Local School Councils 


1. [dead link]

External Links

Organisational competence: the study of a school council in action

Ontario School Councils: A Guide for Members:

School Councils' Influence on School and Classroom Practice: 

The Operations of Kentucky Rural School Councils 

Professional-Patron Influence on Site-Based Governance Councils: A Confounding Case Study: 

Do School Councils Matter? Abstract 

Alberta School Council Resource Manual  


Lead Image: Northern Gateway School Councils