Face-to-Face, Online, or Both?
General Type of Method
Experiential and immersive education
Collaborative approaches
Typical Purpose
Develop the civic capacities of individuals, communities, and/or civil society organizations
Spectrum of Public Participation
Participedia Team
Journal Article - Participatory Education as a Community Practice Method
Participatory Learning Approach : A Research Agenda
Open to All or Limited to Some?
Limited to Only Some Groups or Individuals
Number of Participants
Medium size groups
Small groups
Types of Interaction Among Participants
Discussion, Dialogue, or Deliberation
Scope of Implementation
Level of Polarization This Method Can Handle
Low polarization
Level of Complexity This Method Can Handle
Moderate Complexity


Participatory Education

Participatory education is a method where students are given the opportunity to engage in the process of determining their curriculum so as to incorporate their learning goals into the activities they partake in while promoting involvement in democratic decision-making.

Problems and Purpose

According to the international non-profit 'Teachers Without Borders', "Participatory Education is an educational model in which students are given as much of a voice as their instructors or leaders in determining curriculum and activities (Sauve, n.d.). All participants are active in defining their own needs as well as their own desires. Beyond simply defining these goals, all participants work to implement them and then to evaluate the process that they used to achieve said goals. The overall purpose of participatory education is defined as improving one's own life as well as the lives of others in the world by promoting justice and equality. As such, participatory education is a methodology that fits the methods of peace education." [1]

Origins and Development

Participant Recruitment and Selection

How it Works: Process, Interaction, and Decision-Making

Influence, Outcomes, and Effects

Analysis and Lessons Learned

See Also

Democratic Education 

Civic Education  


[1] Knox, Stephanie. (2011). "Participatory Education." Retrieved from

External Links

Participatory Learning Approach: A Research Agenda  

Participatory Education as a Community Practice Method

The Case for Participatory Education - Stephen Thornton-Taylor  

Participatory educational design: How to improve mutual learning and the quality and usability of the design? 

Participatory education and grassroots development : the case of rural Appalachia