The management company of environmental services in Rome, AMA, must identify sites available for the location of 2 composting plants (from 60,000 t / a) to tackle the waste problem, which is increasingly serious in the capital, but the distrust of citizens is strong.
Problems and purpose
The issue under consideration concerns in particular the construction of two new aerobic composting plants designed to be strategic nodes within a radical breakthrough in waste collection and treatment methods at Rome, according to the principles of an "integrated cycle" approach pursued and promoted by the Councilor for environmental sustainability of Rome Capital Giuseppina Montanari, who made the need to move to a circular economy approach her leitmotif . p>
History and background
The project is located in Rome led by the mayor Virginia Raggi (M5S), in office since 22/6/2016. Raggi sensationally wins the elections, overcoming the center-left candidate Giachetti. In the spotlight of the media on a daily basis in general, on the topic of waste, management is particularly targeted by scandals, problems in collection, and accidents (fires in plants) but also proposes, as foreseen by the M5S program, ambitious ecological changes.< p> As stated by the President of AMA, Lorenzo Bagnacani, during the press conference on 5 October 2018 which kicked off the participatory process: "The transition from the maxi-landfill closed in 2013 to a capillary door-to-door collection and differentiated waste transformation is a turning point that requires practicing the paradigm of a circular economy ”, whose operation is based on constant and active collaboration between institutions and territories. “Today in Rome 200 thousand tons of wet waste are collected per year and transferred elsewhere. This involves travel and money. The decision to build composting plants on site is an integral part of the paradigm shift and must be implemented 'in harmony with the territory'. We must all together build the conditions for the construction of these plants to be seen by the territories as an added value.
Consistent with this paradigm change, AMA had delivered all the documentation relating to the projects to the Lazio Region offices. the construction of the plants in Cesano (Town Hall XV) and Casal Selce (Town Hall XIII), formally launching the EIA authorization procedure.
The presentation of the documentation necessarily also involves the identification of a specific location. Location which, like any other data relating to the system, will be subject to checks and controls by the authorities who sit at the table of the authorization process, but which represents one of the fundamental elements most often subject to conflict with citizens, especially in case of installations and infrastructures.
The choice by AMA was made on the basis of an availability given by the XIII and XV Municipalities, the only ones to respond to the request of the Environment Department of the Municipality of Rome Capital which had urged all Municipalities to indicate suitable areas in their territory, on the basis of variables relating to ownership (public or private) and the intended use of the area. The other specific characteristics of the individual areas were instead evaluated exclusively on the basis of documentary data.
In this phase, the two Municipalities concerned organized the first moments of involvement of the territories in an attempt to open a dialogue with the citizens. . Meetings in which - without the skills necessary to manage the emerging conflict in a professional way - the different positions, instead of dialogue, were strengthened and further polarized.
Precisely for this reason, the XIII Municipality considered it appropriate to formalize the request for start of the participatory process with Resolution No. 30 of August 4, 2017.
The feeling, clearly expressed by citizens in the interviews and subsequent meetings, is that of having been called to express themselves, but of not being have been heard or taken seriously: requests for further information have been ignored and criticisms and objections on the merits of the projects have not received detailed answers. The direct consequence was the establishment of a plurality of "Committees for the No" and the adoption of formal opposition, with submission to the competent bodies of observations and detailed reports on the location of the plants.
It is starting from the observation of this impasse and the scarce effectiveness of recourse to conventional assemblies, that, under pressure from the presidents and councilors for the environment of the XIII and XV Municipalities, the Councilor for Environmental Sustainability of Roma Capitale proposed to AMA to resort, through a specific market research, to a third party, competent in participatory planning and constructive conflict management.
When, following the market survey conducted by AMA, Ascolto Attivo srl is involved as a third facilitator, competent in participatory planning and constructive conflict management, the climate of hostility between the actors in the field is tangible. The lack of trust, which in itself is the figure that characterizes relations between citizens and administrations in this historical period, in this case is radicalized and translates into a prejudicial attitude towards the actual participatory path. For some committees, which oppose the construction of the composting plant, the PP, launched late "after choices already made", is a "farce" that serves to ratify those choices .
Entities organizational, support and funding
Municipality of Rome Capital, Department of Environmental Sustainability , Director Massimo De Maio. He promoted the path through AMA. & Nbsp;
Municipio XIII and XV , are "detached" municipalities of the Municipality of Rome, have more powers than the districts, perform services and take care of some policies local, are headed by a directly elected president and 6 aldermen. They made the premises available and collaborated with officials and elected personnel.
AMA SpA is a municipal and joint-stock company wholly owned by Roma Capitale, which manages the entire cycle integrated waste and other urban sanitation services. He financed the course by entrusting it, through market research, to the external consultant: Active Listening. & Nbsp; The dedicated pages do not show links to the formal assignment documents nor the expense paid.
Active Listening SrL & nbsp; is a Milan-based company that elaborates and develops participatory planning, creative conflict management, decision-making and mediation processes. Its founder is the well-known anthropologist Marianella Sclavi (former professor of urban ethnography at the Milan Polytechnic). M. Sclavi, A. Bertello and F. Lattuille of AA, designed and facilitated the process. There is no data on the remuneration of the post.
Pontifical Faculty of Education - Auxilium , has made the premises available free of charge for the final exhibition / event and contributed with posters bearing the Pope's phrases on the environmental issue. & nbsp;
Selection and recruitment of participants
Control Room (CoR), The Control Room ( CdR) is the body that decides the concrete and contingent times and methods of the participatory planning process. It is coordinated by the Active Listening facilitators and the following are part of it: representatives of the inhabitants identified through the interviews, exponents of the Municipality of Rome, of Municipalities XIII and XV, of Ama, of the University of Rome, of the main environmental associations of the territory, in particular those that deal with composting and urban gardens. To the initial core of the
CoR, composed as mentioned above, experts have been gradually added
third parties, invited ad hoc by Active Listening. The following were permanently part of the control room: Massimo De Maio (Environmental Sustainability Department, Municipality of Rome), Roberto Di Palma (Environment Commission of the Municipality of Rome), Pasquale Annunziata (Ass. Environment Municipality XV), Emanuele Penna (Ass. Ambiente Municipio XIII), Alberto Confalonieri (CIC), Enzo Favoino (Zero Waste Europe), Fabio Musmeci (AIC), Vincenza Di Malta (AIC Lazio and Metropolitan City), Raniero Maggini (WWF), Antonio Conti (Zero Waste Rome), Lucia Mosiello ("Amici del Parco Valusia" Association), Rodolfo Bosi (Rome VAS Association), Carlo Cellamare, Francesco Montillo and Chiara Tonelli (Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, La Sapienza University of Rome), Yuri Paolini (environmental engineer ), Giuseppe Strazzera (Il Pungolo), Elio Di Lella (Coordination of the Committees), Ersilia Marinelli (Ass. Nova Galeria and Enea), Matilde Spadaro (former Environment Ass. Municipality XII), Maurizio Colace (Renaissance of Rome), Massimo Bagatti (AMA Operations Director), Valentina Cipriano (AM A), Giovanni Petrucciani (AMA). They were also constantly updated on the developments of the process through the newsletter Flaminia Tosini (Lazio Region) and Paola Camuccio (Metropolitan City of Rome) .
Interviews for the construction of the Polyphonic Narration strong> (September 2018). Once they received the assignment, the conductors of Active Listening (AA) proceeded in the phase of "listening to the territory" with interviews addressed to figures considered authoritative by the community. The first contacts were obtained after an initial discussion with the Councilor for the Environment of the XIII Municipality, Emanuele Penna. the contact persons of associations, committees, informal groups most involved have been identified due to their proximity to the project area, with whom to start building a network of interlocutors. The interviews were carried out partly at the headquarters of the XIII Municipality, partly at the offices of the associations and groups involved . The group of people to be interviewed and involved then gradually expanded, asking each of the people interviewed to indicate other figures deemed significant and able to provide a different point of view, leading to a greater overall balance . & Nbsp;
Meetings for the public presentation of Polyphonic Narration: & nbsp;
A first presentation meeting open to citizens, was held for the XIII Town Hall at the Elderly Center of Casalotti on 10/22/18; the meeting for the XV Town Hall at the parish of Sant’Andrea Apostolo in Osteria Nuova, on 23/10/18 (later not held due to disputes). A second clarification meeting between Active Listening and 12 representatives of the committees opposed to the Cesano plant (located in the XV Municipality) took place on 5/11 in the same venue. & Nbsp;
Meetings of in-depth analysis of the CoR (Municipality XIII, 6/11/18, Parco della Cellulosa), including representatives of the committees, AMA, administrators on the criteria for the location of the plants. On 1 December 2018, at the "Enzo Biagi" Comprehensive Institute of Osteria Nuova, aimed at sharing and elaborating with citizens, committees and associations interested in participation, the contents of the exhibition "Composting plants, integrated cycle and authentic participation" for 12/1 / 19. & nbsp; A further in-depth meeting was held on 17/12/18, at the Pontifical
Faculty of Educational Sciences - Auxilium, to examine the material collected and decide the structure of the exhibition.
Inspections in Casal Selce and Maglianella (Municipio XIII, 16/11/18). A first inspection was of an organizational nature. A second inspection was open to all citizens. The inspection was organized and guided by the representatives of the committees, with destination Casal Selce (hypothesis of composting plant chosen by AMA) and alternative site to Maglianella (hypothesized by the committees). In addition to the Active Listening facilitators, a representative of the committees, the Councilor for the Environment of the XIII Municipality (Emanuele Penna), the Environment Department of the Municipality of Rome (Massimo De Maio) participated in the inspection. P >
AXA district (8/1/19), where separate waste collection is becoming operational, with M. Sclavi (AA), Councilor De Maio, some AMA executives and M. Colace (“Rinascimento Roma”). & nbsp;
The Participatory Exhibition “Composting Plants, Integrated Cycle and Authentic Participation” (Pontifical Faculty of Educational Sciences - Auxilium, 12/1/2019). The panels / posters, & nbsp; videos, photos, were elaborated and realized by the various actors: committees, AMA designers, an engineering graduate student, a citizen, the Department of Sustainability of Rome, historical experiences of participation (Wwf and ex -assessors), the teaching sisters of Auxilium - Pontifical University in Educational Sciences. "A hundred people"  visited the exhibition.
Restitution and reading of the final document (26/2, Auxilium; 27/2, headquarters of the Sustainability Department Environmental). The final document written by Active Listening, "For a cleaner and more civilized Rome: composting and the art of listening" was presented and read on two occasions without any objection. In the first at Auxilium there were representatives of the inhabitants of the two areas concerned and an AMA manager; in the second meeting at the headquarters of the Department of Sustainability, representatives of the Capitol and the two Municipalities were present.
Accompanying communication . Active Listening (AA) has made available a page dedicated to the process on its website, where all the materials produced, the reports of the individual meetings, the calendar of appointments, photos, a poster for each initiative suitable for the channels have been uploaded. social. AA also edited a newsletter (9 issues, from 17/10/18, until 7/1/19) dedicated to the project that reached all the people who registered for the meetings, the CoR, all the expert contacts and the advisors of the municipalities; a total of 240 addresses. Each meeting of the trial was preceded and followed by posts on the AA Facebook page and repeated by the actors' pages. As stated in the same final report, the Municipality and the AMA reported some news but they placed the information in pages accessible only by direct link, the first, or in scattered news, the second. Posters and postcards were created and distributed only on the occasion of the first meeting for Municipio XIII, at the Centro Anziani di Casalotti, and for the exhibition of 12 January 2019. In particular, on this last occasion, the posters were distributed and posted in the shops in the area: this simple promotional activity encouraged participation in the exhibition (a total of about a hundred people were registered), but above all it made it possible for people to intervene who had not been intercepted up to that moment. In the seat of the XIII Town Hall, the posters / posters of the scheduled meetings have always been posted .
Methods and tools used
Control Room (CoR) strong> is a process governance tool that brings together at least one representative for each authority and actor interested in the participatory path and establishes times, concrete and contingent ways of the participatory planning process. In this case it was much more than a table on how to carry out the process, but it was several times, during the in-depth meetings, a discussion table between different points of view and interests. & Nbsp;
In-depth interviews for “Polyphonic Narration” . On the style and inspiration of the ethnographic method of the "life stories", the interviews carried out, through the "snowball" recruitment (asking the interviewees who else should have interviewed), provided the narrative elements for a composition for several items of the waste issue in the areas of intervention. And if someone, as often happens, at the end of reading these testimonies, asks: "How come you interviewed these and not me?", The answer is: "If you do not find your experience and opinion also reflected, we have it p>
you communicate and we add it ”. Polyphonic Narration is an open system and its "representative" strength is based on giving voice, as far as possible, to all points of view, even the most idiosyncratic ones and those of the most "unpleasant" . p>
Public presentation and in-depth meetings . Conducted and facilitated by experts in active listening and creative confrontation, they are opportunities for expanded verification of narratives / reconstructions of a debate, or for the comparison on the choice of evaluation criteria of suitable sites for the establishment of composting plants.
SWOT analysis. It is a tool widely used in group discussions; it functions as a reflection quadrant. In a double entry table - displayed on a blackboard, flip chart, slide - positive and negative aspects are inserted with respect to the endogenous and exogenous context of an activity, a phenomenon. Each box takes the title of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats.
Participatory exhibition , is a multimedia event in which points of view, scenarios, strategies or alternative systems of vision / solution of a problem converge. In the case in question, each point of view, even individual, has been assigned a space where it is possible to display one's own graphic, video, audio, narrative.
Inspections (visits to the sites) strong> Like neighborhood walks, visits to sites allow an exchange on perceptions and facilitate mutual understanding, make communication more efficient, the single individual (mental) path tends to be reconciled more easily with that of the other, at least in understanding .
What happened: process, interaction and participation
With the arrival of the Active Listening facilitators in September 2018, the first exchanges of views with the clients were held and the process is started on an established path. The planned path - which as we will see has changed in the course of construction because the objectives had to be contained - began with interviews with figures considered authoritative by the community and so it was. & Nbsp;
Listening of the territory (September 2018). The approach of polyphonic narration - according to the presenters - favors a change of attitude, passing from a predominance of the urgency to determine who is right or wrong, to a willingness to listen to each other and to search for new and creative solutions. Each person interviewed was invited to tell which are, on the basis of his personal and unquestionable experience, the aspects of the territory and environment in which he lives of which he is most proud and which he is most fond of and which should be valued and which instead are the most critical and problematic which should be remedied. Many relevant aspects emerge from the interviews: strong congestion of road traffic in the areas where the plants are proposed, distrust of AMA, distrust of the population that AMA is able to manage the ecological change, not so much towards the type of plant itself. Furthermore, the importance of citizens' collaboration has clearly emerged, both in correctly disposing of organic waste destined for composting plants and in participating in the process, as long as the same is done on the other side. On composting methods, for example, the proposals of citizens are already starting to be heard, some of whom, in particular the representatives of AIC (Ass.ne Italiana Compostaggio), promote and would like to welcome a composting site but one that is small and equipped of suitable machinery: called “community compost”.
Control Room (CdR) . After the interviews, thanks to numerous contacts obtained, the CoR, the governance body of the process, is established. A part of the CoR with the presenters present the project with a press conference, at the Department of Sustainability of Roma Capitale, on 5/10/18.
Polyphonic Narration Presentation at Municipality XIII strong> for the proposed Casal Selce plant (22/10/18). During this meeting after the presentation of the results, the indications of the participants were collected and two important issues emerged:
- the need for an in-depth discussion on the location of the implant; < li> the real effectiveness of the participatory process.
On the first aspect, the issues raised by the citizens concerned: the possibility of flooding the area; the historical presence of quarries still active; the lack of primary road links; the consumption of "virgin" land; the proximity to the Malagrotta landfill; the already congested road network; concerns about odors. The meeting shows the willingness of citizens to host the plant as long as new soil is not consumed, finding an abandoned industrial site; or after anti-instability safety interventions and road infrastructures adaptation .
From this moment on, the initiatives planned along the route have been "remodeled [...] by formally taking into consideration the issues and needs brought by citizens ".
Instead of focusing on the shared mission of the participatory process, the following were organized: an in-depth meeting on localizations and an inspection in Casal Selce and Maglianella to visit the site proposed for the plant and an alternative site.
Discussion meeting (6/11, Parco della Cellulose). Participants were invited to contribute to a SWOT analysis. Pending the inspection in order to conduct joint checks on the site, during the meeting the discussion focused on the general criteria that AMA and inhabitants consider most appropriate for the choice of location. While AMA stressed the importance of formal criteria such as the public ownership of the area and the intended use that would otherwise involve a "considerable financial and time expenditure" , the committees aimed to avoid new land use and abandoned industrial areas that they proposed were close to the ring road or major roads. & nbsp;
Site inspection in Casal Selce and Maglianella (11/16/18). During the inspection in Casal Selce, the members of the committees drew attention to ascertaining the consistency and resistance of the soil, the size of the surface foreseen by the plant, the size of the area considered at risk of flooding and the area excavation of the quarries, while the councilor of the Municipality XIII reiterated that the project area is out of the flood risk. At Maglianella one of the alternative areas, the positive aspects already discussed in the meeting on 6/11 were found as well as the negative ones: proximity to the river and the town. & Nbsp;
Presentation of the Narration polyphonic at Town Hall XV (23/10/18, Parish of Sant'Andrea, Osteria Nuova). The total opposition of the committees and associations of the residents of Osteria Nuova and Cesano to the plant was already received through petitions and institutional meetings before the start of the process. In addition to the inadequate viability, the already problematic installations of Vatican Radio, the deposit of Aeneas' radioactive waste and the basalt quarries were complaining. Before the meeting, a hundred demonstrators boycotted and prevented "in every way both the attempts of confrontation and dialogue proposed by the facilitators and the possibility of information on the path by those who did not join the protest. On the occasion [...] an exponent of the demonstrators read and delivered to the facilitators the Observations concerning the Cesano composting plant [...] "signed by 4 committees, in which they declared their opposition to the plant and the participatory “farce” path . & nbsp;
On 5/10 the facilitators organized a meeting in which they met with 12 representatives of the committees. The facilitators explained their approach and their role and on the other the committees reiterated their total opposition to the system but the "willingness to share the criteria for choosing alternative locations" .
Public meetings to share materials for the participated exhibition (1/12/18, Ist. Biagi, Osteria Nuova). In this meeting Ersilia Marinelli (president of the Nova Galeria association) presented an alternative proposal to that of AMA, based on the widespread promotion of community composting, with mini-plants of 250 - 1000 t / year, to be placed in residential areas and farms. This scenario also includes 15,000 t / y plants in sites served by the ring road and motorway and far from homes. The discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of community composters thrilled those present. The president of the Environment Commission of Roma Capitale expressed his dissent, considering the fact that each district produces 40,000 t / y of organic fraction, it is not possible to treat them without large plants. Also present was the president of AIC (Ass.ne Italiana Compostaggio) who illustrated the characteristics of community composting. & Nbsp;
A second collective meeting of the 2 municipalities, preparatory to the exhibition, was held at the premises of the Pontifical Institute of Educational Sciences Auxilium, on 18/12/18. On this occasion, the materials of the various actors (municipalities, committees, AMA, individual citizens, associations) were collected and exhibited in the various spaces. & Nbsp;
The participatory exhibition "Composting plants, cycle integrated, authentic participation " (12/1/2019, Pontifical Faculty of Educational Sciences - Auxilium). 20 panels / posters were set up by as many actors (some individual) who presented their videos, posters or photos to all the others. Among the others, there were also new experts on the nationally important topic who expanded the CoR. In addition, the event had a total of about a hundred attendees. The themes had become less polarized and the richness of content on several aspects of the question broadened the picture and made it more complex. In short, they wanted to renegotiate the issues, while maintaining both the sharing of the paradigm shift towards an integrated waste cycle and a circular economy. And this then led to the end of the work, leaving the participants with some proposals on which the creative confrontation could have continued its path. & Nbsp;
"The inauguration of the exhibition ended with an intervention by Massimo De Maio, representing the Department of Soste-
Environmental and the Council of Rome Capital, who in reaffirming his appreciation for the progress made and the commitment to make it the basis of the following steps , he also hoped that an exhibition of this type and with this slant would be re-proposed in the near future as an initiative aimed at the entire citizenry, in an appropriate central location ".
< strong> Final document (February 2019). In the final document, edited by AA, some aspects of method and some content are reported. The document is a summary of the work done but also incorporates evident ethnographic considerations and interpretations of the curators. The text was read on two occasions in front of a representation of inhabitants and administrators and no objections were found. Regarding the methodological aspects, it is clearly noted that:
- Dialogue and collaboration are vital aspects for the success of waste management according to a circular economy and pushed differentiation perspective. For this to happen it is necessary to guarantee transparency and decentralized organizational autonomy so that each community can adapt the objectives and strategies to its own territorial context.
- The process started late and this has worsened relations and citizens' trust, leading them to claim the withdrawal of the AMA projects as a condition for starting the dialogue.
On the content, the most controversial aspects are:
- Composting family and community are indicated as priority value choices, in the sense that their dissemination in collaboration with all the actors, can generate a cultural climate and driving trust. & nbsp;
- Each municipality of Rome has the of a medium-large city and produces 40,000 t / y of workforce; the recurring objection is why did not aim to create one plant per town hall rather than just two large ones for several towns? This type of strategy appears more reasonable both to avoid discriminatory feelings towards the inhabitants of certain neighborhoods and because - if coupled with community composting - it could make each municipality autonomous to size its centralized plant based on the results of small community plants, enjoying smaller facilities and less vehicle traffic.
- For AMA the main localization requirements were the ownership of the area and the intended use while for the committees it was necessary to avoid new land consumption and evaluate the infrastructural endowment, above all roads, and the distance from the built-up area. Furthermore, every single area had to be evaluated with joint inspections and not only on paper and documentary data.
- There was an interest on the part of all towards the experiences of participatory control (with bodies that include representatives of committees and residents) of the operations and emissions of the plants (eg Etra in Bassano del Grappa and Silea in Annone). & nbsp;
- The importance of assigning direct benefits to the communities hosting these plants has been recognized (eg discounts on the waste tax, interventions on primary works, etc.) and that the inhabitants themselves propose the counterparts through consolidated participation instruments .
Influence, results and effects
There are no announcements in the process pages related to monitoring the effects of the process. From the news, it is easy to see how the waste problem has worsened more and more, some schools are threatening closure and the board of directors of AMA after resigning in February has had other changes. The plants in the project were not built because they were rejected in the Conference of Services (they had undertaken the EIA procedure) by the municipal offices & nbsp; and by the Superintendency on 17/5/19 .
Currently the CEO of AMA SpA is Stefano Donnarumma who in October 2019 proposed the distribution of 250 mini composting plants by 2022 of 1,000 t / each, for companies, airports, public services and shopping centers. At the same time it also proposes the upgrading of the AMA incinerator in San Vittore (Frosinone) . & Nbsp;
Analysis and lessons learned
The entire path is documented, for the < strong> transparency , only the assignment documents attesting to the market research and the remuneration paid by AMA SpA to AA SrL are missing. The path contemplated a phase of sharing in the phase immediately following the initial listening phase, also reshaping the path on the basis of citizens' questions. Facilitation took over from a situation of previous tension but managed to remedy and reopen the dialogue with tangible results. The representativeness has been expanded in the actors and in the wealth of positions - inviting experts and exponents of organizations of national importance - less as regards the citizenship involved. & Nbsp;
Effects of the process . Once again the public administrations have shown how contradictory their decision-making and implementation skills are and unable to use, recover, capitalize the results of a participatory process like this and unfortunately the facilitators have failed to foresee a monitoring of the effects in the short term. , medium term of the process. The researchers would have to demonstrate what impact can fall on the appreciation and the social desirability of public participation after paths with such outcomes. & Nbsp;
- Bioplatform Lab, Sesto San Giovanni (Milan), https://participedia.net/case/6148
 Active Listening, For a cleaner and more civilized Rome: composting and the art of listening Participatory path undertaken on the proposal of the Department of Environmental Sustainability of Roma Capitale and of the Municipalities XIII and XV on assignment by AMA, Sep '18 - Feb 2019, https://drive.google.com / drive / u / 0 / folders / 1nf0si9OW5dSq9HlauUrMTzDUGL0rLWfA (release 5/11/19).
 Ibidem, pp. 6: 8.
 Ib., P. 22.
 Ib., P. 23.
 Ib., P. 19-20.
 Ib., P. 44.
 Ib., P. 43.
 Ib., P. 15.
 Ib., P. 24-25.
 Ib., P. 26.
 Ib., P. 30.
 Ib., P. 31. & nbsp;
 Ib., P. 40.
 Ib., P.49-50.
 Mechelli, S., Waste, the grillino surface remains in the book of dreams: so Rome risks future in emergency, Roma Today, 17/5/19, http://www.romatoday.it/politica/bocciati-impianti-cesano-casal-selce-piano-rifiuti.html (ril. 7/11/19).
 Evangelisti, M., Rifiuti, here are 250 mini-plants and a new plan for San Vittore, Il Messaggero, 9/10/19, https://www.ilmessaggero.it/roma/news/refiuti_roma_ama_mini_impianti_piano_san_vittore_mini_impianti_piano_san_vittore_progetto_acea-. 1. Active listening, Participatory path to composting plants in Rome, https : //www.ascoltoattiva.net/progetti/progatorie-partecipata/compostaggio-e-arte-di-ascoltare/ (release 7/11/19). & nbsp;
Notes < / h2>
1. Active listening, Participatory path to composting plants in Rome, https : //www.ascoltoattiva.net/progetti/progatorie-partecipata/compostaggio-e-arte-di-ascoltare/ (release 7/11/19). & nbsp;