Scope of Operations & Activities
General Issues
Governance & Political Institutions
Specific Topics
Public Participation
Tuscany's Institutionalization of Public Participation and Deliberation
L’Autorità regionale per la garanzia e la promozione della partecipazione
General Types of Methods
Deliberative and dialogic process
Specific Methods, Tools & Techniques
Information and Communications Technologies (ICT)


Tuscany's Regional Authority for the Promotion of Participation (APP)

Tuscany's Regional Authority for the Guarantee and Promotion of Participation (APP), established with the regional law 46/2013, has the task of promoting citizen participation in the construction processes of regional and local policies.

Mission and Purpose

Tuscany's Regional Authority for the Promotion of Participation (APP) was created to oversee and ensure the implementation of regional law 46 (2013) which calls for the promotion of public participation in regional and local politics. As the official body in charge of law's fulfillment, the APP is charged with "contribut[ing] to the renewal of democracy and its institutions by integrating [regional and local authorities'] action with participatory democracy practices, processes and instruments", thus contributing to the creation of "greater social cohesion through the diffusion of the culture of participation and the valorisation of all forms of civic engagement, knowledge and widespread skills in society."[1]

Origins and Development

The Authority for the Promotion of Participation was created with the passing of Regional Law 46 in 2013. [1]

Organizational Structure, Membership, and Funding

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Specializations, Methods and Tools

Public Debates

The foremost method of participation the Authority is tasked with invoking is the Public Debate, "a process of information, public comparison and participation" on works, projects or interventions that are of particular relevance to the region's environment, territory, landscape, society, culture, or economy. Debates usually take place in the preliminary stages of drafting a project and make use of a number of deliberative tools to engage the public including:

Public Debates are mandatory for works that exceed 50 million euros. Below this threshold, it is up to the Authority to evaluate the project and determine whether it mandates a public consultation. A Debate can not be held on issues which fall under the Regional Law 62 of 2007 ("Regional Referendum Framework provided for by the Constitution and by the Statute") which determines a referendum sufficient public consultation.

Support for Local Participatory Processes

Chapter III of the Regional Participation Law (46, 2013) calls for the economic supports of local participatory processes approved by the Authority for the Promotion of Participation. The APP's evaluation is based on several conditions and requirements. In particular, the relevant bodies or officials must agree to take the outcome of the participatory process into account in their final decision or else to adequately and publicly justify the reasons for the failure or partial acceptance of the results. As well, the participatory process must have a specific topic or well-defined scope and be held for a maximum of six months. Appropriate methods and tools must be used to ensure maximum inclusiveness and the expression of all points of view (within reason).[2]

Major Projects and Events

To date, the Authority has approved three public debates:

As well, the Authority has approved Regional funding and support for 59 local participatory processes.[3]

Analysis and Lessons Learned

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Annual Reports: 

Press Releases: 

Full documentation of activities:

See Also

The Tuscany Regional Participation Policy, Italy (method)

Region of Tuscany



2] Regione Toscana, "L’Autorità regionale per la garanzia e la promozione della partecipazione," [Accessed 10/04/2017].

[3] Regione Toscana, "Progetti ammessi a finanziamento." Retrieved from

Regione Toscana, "L’Autorità regionale per la garanzia e la promozione della partecipazione." Last modified 2020, October 9,

External Links